Reading 0,07 - 3 Chapters - 46 verses - 921 words 


Vital Statistics

 Purpose: To advise Titus in his responsibility of supervising the churches on the island of Crete
 Author:  Paul
 Original audience:  Titus, a Greek, probably converted to Christ through Paul's ministry (he had become Paul's special representative to the island of Crete)
 Date written:  Approximately A.D. 64, around the same time 1 Timothy was written; probably from Macedonia when Paul traveled between his Roman imprisonments 
 Setting:  Paul sent Titus to organize and oversee the churches on Crete. This letter tells Titus how to do this job
 Key verse:  The reason I left you in Crete was that you might put in order what was left unfinished and appoint elders in every town, as I directed you. (1:5)
 Key people:  Paul, Titus
 Special features:  Titus is very similar to 1 Timothy with its instructions to church leaders 

    The author is Paul 


    The letter is addressed to Titus, one of Paul's convert (1:4) and a considerable help to Paul in his ministry. When Paul left Antioch to discuss the gospel with the Jerusalem leaders, he took Titus with him (Gal 2:1-3); acceptance of Titus (a Gentile) as a Christian without circumcision vindicated Paul's stand there (Gal 2:3-5). Presumably Titus, who is not referred to in Acts (but is mentioned 13 times in the rest of the NT), worked with Paul at Ephesus, during his third missionary journey. It is  likely that he was the bearer of Paul's severe letter to the Corinthian church. Paul was concerned about the possible negative reaction of the Corinthians church to his severe letter, so he arranged to meet Titus at Troas (2Co 2:12-13). When Titus did not appear, Paul traveled on to Macedonia. There he met Titus and with great relief heard the good news that the worst of the trouble was over at Corinth (2Co 7:6-7,13-14). Titus, accompanied by two Christians brother, was the bearer of 2 Corinthians (2Co 8:23) and was given the responsibility for making final arrangements for the collections, begun a year earlier, in Corinth (2Co 8:6,16-17).
    Following Paul's release from his first Roman imprisonment (Ac 28), he and Titus worked briefly in Crete (1:5), after which he commissioned Titus to remain there as his representative and complete some needed work (1:5; 2:14; 3:12-13). Paul asked Titus to meet him at Nicopolis when a replacement arrived (3:12). Later, Titus went on a mission to Dalmatia (2Ti 4:10), the last word we heart about him in the NT. Considering the assignments given him, he obviously was a capable and resourceful leader.


    The fourth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, (Crete lies directly south of the Aegean also Paul's experiences there in Ac 27:7-13). In NT times life in Crete had sunk to a deplorable moral level. The dishonesty, gluttony and laziness of its inhabitants were proverbial (1:12).

Occasion and Purpose

    Apparently Paul introduced Christianity in Crete when he and Titus visited the island, after which he left Titus there to organize the converts. Paul sent the letter with Zenas and Apollos, who were on a journey that took them through Crete (3:13), to give Titus personal authorization and guidance in meeting opposition (1:5; 2:1,7-8,15; 3:9), instructions about faith and conduct, and warnings about false teachers. Paul also informed Titus of his future plans for him (3:12).

Place and Date Writing

    Paul possibly wrote from Macedonia, for he had not yet reached Nicopolis (3:12). The letter was written after he was released from his first Roman imprisonment (Ac 28), probably between A.D. 63 and 65 - or possibly at a later date if he wrote after his assumed trip to Spain. 

Distinctive Characteristics

    Especially significant, considering the nature of the Cretan heresy, are the repeated emphases on loving and doing and teaching "what is good" (1:18,16; 2:3,7,14; 3:1,8,14) and the classic summaries of Christian doctrine (2:11-14; 3:4-7).        


I. Greetings (1:1-4)

II. Concerning Elders (1:5-9)

A. Reasons for Leaving Titus in Crete (1:5)

B. Qualifications of Elders (1:6-9)

III. Concerning False Teachers (1:10-16)

IV. Concerning Various Groups in the Congregations (ch.2)

A. The Instructions to Different Groups (2:1-10)

B. The Foundations for Christian Living (2:11-14)

C. The Duty of Titus (2:15)

V. Concerning Believers in General (3:1-8)

A. Obligations as Citizens (3:1-2)

B. Motives for Godly COnduct (3:3-8)

VI. Concerning Response to Spiritual Error (3:9-11)

VII. Conclusion, Final Greetings and Benediction (3:12-15)

Titus Horizontal

1:1 - Further faith of elect

1:4 - Titus true child, grace


1:5 - Amend defective and appoint

for Good

1:10 - Insubordinate empty talkers


2:1 - Teach sound doctrine

2:11 - Grace appeared for salvation

2:15 - Declare, reprove with authority


3:3 - Justification by grace


3:8b - Apply to good deeds


3:12 - Artemas or Tychicus


3:15 - Greetings and grace