Bible Chronology

Dates are approximate and dependent on the interpretation theories of various scholars. A hey element in this chart is the use of the low Mesopotamian chronology together with certain astronomical and archaeological synchronisms for the 12th and 18th Egyptian dynasties. Emphasis is placed on broad historical periods and cultural sequences.   


Old Testament Chronology


Creation

?


Fall

?


Flood

?


Babel

?


Traditional Dates

2500 B.C

Biblical History


2400



2300

PATRIARCHS


2200

2106 - Abram born


2080 - Ishmael born

2066 - Isaac born

2050 - Abraham offers Isaac

2100

2091 - Abram moves to Canaan



2006 - Jacob and Esau born



1915 - Josep born

2000

1991 - Abraham dies

1929 - Jacob flees to Haran

1898 - Joseph  sold into Egypt

1886 - Isaac dies



1805 - Joseph dies

1900



1876 - Jacob and family settle in Egypt

1859 - Jacob dies


1800



1700


1526 - Moses born

1600




Exodus and Conquest

Ex 1:1-Jos 24:29

1446 - The exodus, Red Sea crossed

1406 - Moses dies. Joshua appointed leader. Israelites enter Canaan

1500




Judges

Jdg 1:1-1Sa 9

Joshua dies

1400

1375 -1050 Judges

1367-1327 Othniel

Exodus and Conquest

1300

1309-1229 Ehud

Period of Judges


1105 - Samuel born

1200

1209-1169 Deborah

1162-1122 Gideon

1078 - 1072 Jephthah

1075 - 1055 Samson

1100

United Kingdom




930-913 Rehoboam

1000

1050-1010 Saul

1010-970 David

970-930 Solomon

930-909 Jeroboam I



Divided Kingdom

Kings of Judah      Prophets of Judah


910-869 Asa

872-848 Jehoshaphat

853-841 Jehoram

841-835 Athaliah  


900

Kings of Israel      Prophets of Israel

908-886 Baasha

885-874 Omri

Elijah 875-848

874-853 Ahab

852-841 Joram

841-814 Jehu

Elisha 848-797

835-796 Joash

792-740 Azariah (Uzziah)

750-735 Jotham

735-715 Ahaz

735-700 Micah

800

Jonah 800-750

Amos 760-750

783-753 Jeroboam II

752-742 Menahem

752-732 Pekah

732-722 Hoshea

722 FALL OF THE NORTHERN KINGDOM

Hosea 750-715

715-686 Hezekiah

740-681 Isaiah

697-642 Manasseh

645-620 Nahum

640-609 Josiah

700


609-598 Jehoiakim

626-585 Jeremiah

597-586 Zedekiah

600


605-585? Obadiah

593-571 Ezekiel


Exile



Restauration

607-480 Daniel

520-530 Zechariah

500

538 First group returns under Zerubbabel

458 Second group returns under Ezra

440-430 Malachi


Between the Testaments


400

432 Last group returns under Nehemiah




New Testament Chronology


Rulers in Palestine

37- 4 B.C. Herod the Great

27 C.D. A.D Augustus

30 B.C


27 B.C. - A.D. 14 Augustus

20




Christ’s Early Life

(Mt 1-2; Lk 1-2)

Herod the Great dies 4 B.C.

10

6/5 Christ born

A.D. 6 Romans governors begin rule

B.C. A.D.


A.D. 6-15 Annas I

A.D. 14 Augustus dies

10

A.D. 7/8  Christ in temple at age 12


A.D. 26-36 Pontius Pilate

20




Christ’s Ministry

(Mt 2-28; Mk; Lk 3-24; Jn)

37-44 herod Agrippa I

14-37 Tiberius

4 B.C. - A.D. 39 Herod Antipas

30

26 Christ baptized

26 Christ begins ministry

26 John the Baptist begins ministry

27/28 John the baptist imprisoned

28/29 John the baptist dies

30 Pentecost



The Early CHurch

(Acts-Revelation)

37-41 Caligula

44 Herod Agrippa I dies

40

44 James martyred

44 Peter imprisoned

46-48 Paul’s first missionary journey

46-50 Jerusalem Council

41-54 Claudius


50

50-52 Paul’s second missionary journey

51-52 1,2 Thessalonians written  

53-57 Paul’s third missionary journey

57 Romans written

47-59 Ananias

54-68 Nero

69 Galba, Otho, Vitellius

60

59-61/62 Paul imprisoned in Rome

66/67 2 Timothy written

67-68 Paul dies

69-79 Vespasian

70

70 Jerusalem destroyed

79-81 Titus

80


81-96 Domitian

96-98 Nerva

90

95 Revelation written

90-95 John exiled on Patmos

44-100 Herod Agrippa II

100






Bible Timeline

 A Chronology of Bible Events and World Events

The Timeline on the this page gives you a visual overview of events in Bible times as compared to other famous world events. (The timelines in the individual Bible books are different - focusing on the events occuring in the books themselves.) This timeline gives the scope of Bible history from Creation to the resurrection of Christ and the beginnings of the church, along with key events that were occurring in others parts of the world. 

 BIBLE DATE WORLD
 Creation ? 
 Noah buids the ark undated  ? 
  2500 B.C Egyptians discover papyrus and ink for writing and build the first libraries; iron objects manufactured in the ancient Near East
  2400 Egyptians import gold from other parts of Africa
  2331 Semitic chieftain, Sargon, conquers Sumer to become first "world conqueror" 
  2300 Horses domesticated in Egypt; chickens domesticated in Babylon; bows & arrows used in wars 
 Abraham born  2166 
  2100 Glass made by the Mesopotamians; ziggurats (like the tower of Babel) built in Mesopotamia; earliest discovered drug, ethyl alcohol, used to alleviate pain 
 Abraham enters Canaan 2091 
 Isaac born   2066 
 Jacob & Esau born  2006 
  2000 Native Americans immigrate to North America from northern Asia; stock breeding and irrigation used in China; Stonehenge, England, a center for religions worship is erected; bellows used in india allowing for higher furnace temperatures 
 Jacob flees to Haran  1929 
 Josep born 1915 
  1900 Egyptians use irrigation systems to control Nile floods; spoked wheel invented in the ancient Near East; horses used to pull vehicles 
 Joseph sold into slavery 1898 
 Joseph rules Egypt  1885 
 Joseph dies 1805 
  1750 Babylonian mathematicians already understand cube and square root; Hammurabi of Babylon provides first of all legal codes 
  1700 Egyptian papyrus document describes medical and surgical procedures 
 Moses born  1526 
  1500 Sundials used in Egypt; Mexican Sun Pyramid built 
 The Exodus from Egypt  1446 
 Ten Commandments 1445  
 Hebrews enter Canaan  1406 
  1400 First period of Chinese literature; intricate clock used in Egypt 
  1380 Palace of Knossos on island of Crete destroyed by earthquake 
 Judges begin to rule Israel 1375 
  1358 Egyptian King Tutankhamun dies and is buried inside an immense treasure-laden tomb
  1250 Silk fabrics manufactured in China
 Deborah becomes Israel's judge 1209 
  1200 Labor strike in Thebes; first Chinese dictionary 
  1183 Destruction of Troy during Trojan War
 Gideon becomes Israel's judge  1162 
 Samuel born  1105 
 Samson becomes Israel's judge 1075 
 Saul becomes Israel's first king 1050 
 David becomes Israel's king  1010 
  1000 City of Peking built; Greek mythology fully developed; California Indians build wood-reed houses; Chinese mathematics utilizes root multiplication, geometry, proportions, and theory of motion; glazing of bricks and tiles begins and tiles begins in Near East   
 Solomon becomes Israel's king  970 
 Temple in Jerusalem completed  959 
  950 Gols vessels and jewelry popular in northern Europe
 Kingdom of Israel divides 930 
  900 Celts invade Britain; Assyrians invent inflatable skins for soldier to cross rivers 
 Elijah prophesies in Israel   875 
 Ahab becomes Israel's king   874 
 Evidence of highly developed metal and stone sculptures in Africa  850 
 Elisha prophesies in Israel  848 
 Elisha prophesies in Israel  835 
  814 Founding of Carthage, a Phoenician trading post 
  800 Development of caste system in India; Babylonian and Chinese astronomers understand planetary movements; spoked wheels used in Europe; Homer writes Iliad and Odyssey; ice skating a popular spot in northern Europe 
  776 First know date of Olympic games 
 Hosea becomes a prophet  753 Traditional date for founding of city of Rome
  750 Earliest music notation written in ancient Greece; Celts introduce plow to Britain 
 Israel invaded by Tiglath Pileser III of Assyria  743 
 Isaiah becomes prophet  740 
 israel (Northern Kingdom) falls  722 
 Hezekiah becomes Judah's king  715 
 Jerusalem besieged by Sennacherib of Assyria  701 
  700 False teeth invented in Italy
  660 Japan established as a nation 
  650 Soldering of iron invented 
 Josiah becomes Judah's king 640 
  648 Horse racing first held at 33rd Olympic Games
 Jeremiah becomes a prophet  627 
 Assyrian capital of Nineveh destroyed  612 
 Daniel taken captive to Babylon  605 
  600 Temple of Artemis built in Ephesus - one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World 
 Judah (Southern Kingdom) falls to Babylon  586 
  563 Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, born in India
 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon dies 562 
  560 Aesop writes his fabies 
  551 Confucius famous Chinese scholar, born 
  550 King Cyrus the Great conquers the  Medes and founds the Persian EMpire; lock & key, water level, and carpenter's square inverted
  540 Horseback postal service in Persian Empire
 Babylon overthrown by Cyrus of Persia 539 
 First exiles return to Jerusalem  538 
  534 Tragedy emerges as a form of Greek drama
  525 Polo a sport among Persians 
  520 Public libraries open in Athens, Greece
 New Temple completed in Jerusalem  515 
  509 Rome becomes a republic
  500 Glass first imported into China from Near East; Indian surgeon Susrata performs cataract operation; origin of Halloween, a Celtic festival 
  490 First time Greek men choose short haircuts 
 Esther becomes queen os Persia  479 
  469 Socrates philosopher of the ancient world, born
  460 Birth of Democritus, who introduced an atomic theory by arguing that all bodies are made of indivisible and unchangeable atoms
 Ezra returns to Jerusalem458  
  457 Golden Age in Athens, Greece begins 
 Nehemiah builds Jerusalem wall 445 
  448 Greek sculptor Phidias makes a 60-foot-high statue of Zeus-one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World  
 Malachi becomes a prophet 430 Romans agree to concept of a dictator in times of military emergency 
  399 Socrates condemned to death by Athenian Jury 
 Aramaic begins to replace Hebrew as Jewish language  390 
  384 Aristotle born
  370 Plato writes his most famous book. The Republic 
  330 Alexander the Great defeats the Persian Empire
  312 Romans build first paved road, the "Appian Way, "from Rome to Capua
  255 Hebrew Old Testament translated into Greek and called the Septuagint 
  241 Romans conquered Sicily and add their first non-italian territory to the Roman Empire  
  215 Great Wall of China built 
  139 Jews and astrologers banished from Rome
  102 First Chinese ships reach east coast of India; ball bearings used in Danish cart wheels 
  100 Julius Caesar, first emperor of Rome, born 
  55 Romans conquer England and make it part of Roman EMpire until A.D.442
  51 Cleopatra becomes last independent Egyptian ruler of the ancient world 
  46 Julius Caesar becomes dictator for life, then is assassinated two years later
 Herod the Great made king of Judea by the Romans 37 
  30 Cleopatra and her lover, Marc Anthony, both die by suicide 
 Mary' Jesus' mother born  25? 
  23 Sumo wrestling in Japan
 Herod the Great begins remodeling Temple in Jerusalem 20 
 Jesus Christ born  6/5 
 Herod the Great dies  4 
  A.D. 1 Saddles first used in Europe 
 Paul born  5? 
  7 Zealots in Judea rebel against Rome
  14 Tiberius succeeds Caesar Augustus as Roman emperor 
 John the Baptist begins his ministry; Pontius Pilate appointed governor 26 
 Jesus begins his ministry 26/27 
 Jesus crucified; Jesus ascends into heaven; Pentecost; early church beginnings  30 
 Paul's conversion on Damascus  35 
 Herod Agripa appointed king of Judea 40 
  43 London founded; first definite reference to diamonds 
 Paul begins first missionary journey  46 
  50 Roman begin using soap
  54 Emperor Claudius poisoned by order of his wife; Nero becomes emperor
 Paul writes Romans; Paul imprisoned in Caesarea  57 
 Paul's voyage to Rome 59 
 Paul writes "prison letters"  60 
 Paul released from prison  62 
  64 Fire burns much of Rome. Nero blames Christians for setting it 
 Paul martyred  67? 
  66 Painting on canvas 
  68 Romans destroy a Jewish religious commune at Qumran. Before the Qumran community is captured, they hide their library of Bible manuscripts in a cave by the Dead Sea (discovered in 1948)
 Romans destry Jerusalem  70 
 960 Jews commit mass suicide at Masada while under Roman attack 73 
  74 China opens silk trade with the West 
  75 Rome begins construction of famous Colosseum 
  79 Mount Vesuvius in Italy erupts, killing 30.000 people and burying cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum 
 Apostle John writes Revelation  95