Philippians

4 Chapters, 104 verses, 2,003 words.





Vital Statistics


 Purpose:  To thank the Philippians for the gift they had send Paul and to strengthen these believers by showing them that true joy comes from Jesus Christ alone 
 Author:  Paul
 Original audience:  The Christians at Philippi
 Date written:  Approximately A.D. 61, from Rome during Paul's imprisonment there 
 Setting:  Paul and his companions began the church at Philippi on his second missionary journey (Acts 16:11-40). This was the first church established on the European continent. The Philippians church had sent a gift with Epaphroditus (one of their members) to be delivered to Paul (4:18). Paul was in a ROman prison at the time. He wrote this letter to thank them for their gift and to encourage them in their faith   
 Key verse:  Rejoice in the Lord always. I will say it again: Rejoice!  (4:4)
 Key people: Paul, Timothy, Epaphroditus, Euodia, and Syntyche 
 Key place:  Philippi 



Author, Date and Place of Writing


    The early church was unanimous in its testimony that Philippians was written by the apostle Paul (1:1). Internally the letter reveals the stamp of genuineness. The many personal references of the author fit what we know of Paul from other NT books.
    It is evident that Paul wrote the letter from prison (1:13-14). Some have argued that this imprisonment took place in Ephesus, perhaps C. A.D. 53-55; others put it in Caesarea c. 57-59. Best evidence, however, favors Rome as the place of origin and the date as c. 61. This fits well with the account of Paul's house arrest in Ac 28:14-31. When he wrote Philippians, he was not in the Mamertine dungeon as he was when he wrote 2 Timothy. He was in his own rented house, where for two years he was free to impart the gospel to all who came to him. 



Purpose


    Paul's primary purpose in writing this letter was to thank the Philippians for the gift they had sent him upon learning of his detention at Rome (1:5; 4:10). However, he makes use of this occasion to fulfill several other desires:
    1) to report on his own circumstances (1:12-26; 4:10-19)
    2) to encourage the Philippians to stand firm in the face of persecution and rejoice regardless of circumstances (1:27-30; 4:4)
    3) to exhort them to humility and unity (2:1-11; 4:2-5)
    4) to commend Timothy and Epaphroditus to the Philippian church (2:19-30)
    5) to warn the Philippians against the Judaizers (legalists) and antinomians (libertines) among them (ch.3)



Recipients


    The city of Philippi was named after King Philip II of Macedon, father of  Alexander the Great. It was a prosperous Roman colony, which meant that the citizens of Philippi were also citizens of the city of Rome itself. They prided themselves on being Romans (Ac 16:21), dressed like Romans and often spoke Latin. No doubt this was the background for Paul's reference to the believer's heavenly citizenship (3:20-21). Many of the Philippians were retired military men who had been given land in the vicinity and who in turn served as a military presence in this frontier city. That Philippi was a Roman colony may explain why there were not enough Jews there to permit the establishment of a synagogue and why Paul does not quote the OT in the Philippian letter.      


Characteristics 
    1. Philippians contains no OT quotations
    2. It is a missionary thank-you letter in which the missionary reports on the progress of his work.
    3. It manifests a particularly vigorous type of Christian living: (1) self-humbling (2:1-4); (2) pressing toward the goal (3:13-14); (3) lack of anxiety (4:6); (4) ability to do all things (4:13).
    4. It is outstanding as the NT letter of joy; the word "joy" in its various forms occurs some 16 times. 
    5. It contains one of the most profound Christological passages in the NT (2:5-11). Yet, profound as it is, Paul includes it mainly for illustrative purpose.  
     



Outline


I. Greetings (1:1-2)


II. Thanksgiving and Prayer for the Philippians (1:3-11)


III. Paul’s Personal Circumstances (1:12-26)


IV. Exhortations (1:27-2:18)

A. Living a Life Worthy of the Gospel (1:27-30)

B. Following the Servant Attitude of Christ (2:1-18)

V. Paul’s Associates in the Gospel (2:19-30)

A. Timothy (2:19-24)

B. Epaphroditus (2:25-30)

VI. Warnings against Judaizers and Antinomians (3:1-4:1)

A. Against Judaizers of Legalists (3:1-16)

B. Against Antinomias or Libertines (3:17-4:1)

VII. Final Exhortations, Thanks and Conclusion (4:2-23)

A. Exhortations concerning Various Aspects of the Christian Life (4:2-9)

B. Concluding Testimony and Repeated Thank (4:10-20)

C. Final Greetings and Benediction (4:21-23)

 


Philippians Horizontal



1:1 - Paul & Timothy, servants



1:1b - To saint at Philippi



1:2 - Grace & peace

Gospel


1:3 - Thankful for partnership, prayer

Advances


1:12 - Imprisonment for Christ

Through

Have

1:15 - Christ proclaimed

Imprisonment

the

1:19 - To live is Christ


Mind

1:27 - Stand firm


of

2:1 - Of same mind, love

Imitate

Christ

2:12 -Work out your salvation

Christ’s


2:14 - Be glad and rejoice

Humility


2:19 - Hope to send Timothy

Timothy and


2:25 - Epaphroditus

Epaphroditus


3:1 - Rejoice in the Lord



3:2 - No confidence in flesh

Press on


3:12 - Press on toward goal

Toward

Live

3:17 - Join in imitating me

the Goal

for

4:1 - Stand firm in Lord


Christ

4:2 - Entreat Euodia, Syntyche: agree


Not

4:4 - Peace will keep hearts

Exhortations

the

4:8 - Think about these things


Flesh

4:10 - You - concerned for me



4:14 - Gifts you sent

Thanks for


4:21 - Greet every saint

the Gift


4:23 - Grace be with Spirit





Notes