Old Testament


Bible Books of the Old Testament are in tree Groups

  1. 17 Historical: Rise and Fall of the Hebrew Nation.
  2. 5 Poetical: Literature of the Nation's Golden Age. 
  3. 17 Prophetic: Literature of the Nation's Dark Days.

    The Hebrew Old Testament contains exactly the same books as our English Old Testament, but different arrangement: 
  1. "Law" (5 books) : Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy. 
  2. "Prophets" (8 books): 4 Earlier: Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings / 4 Later: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, The Twelve.
  3. "Writings" (11 books): 3 Poetical: Psalms, Proverbs, Job / 5 Rolls: Song, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther. / 3 Books: Daniel, Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles. 
    By combining the 2 books each of Samuel, Kings and Chronicles into one, and Ezra and Nehemiah into one, and the Twelve Minor Prophets into one, these 24 books are the same as our 39. Josephus further reduces the number to 22, to make it correspond to the Hebrew alphabet by combining Ruth with Judges, and Lamentations with Jeremiah.

    The five Rolls were read yearly at Feasts:
  • Song, at Passover, allegorically referring to the Exodus.
  • Ruth, at Pentecost, celebrating Harvest. 
  • Esther, at Purim, commemorating Deliverance from Haman. 
  • Ecclesiastes, at Tabernacles, most joyous of Feasts. 
  • Lamentations, 9th of Ab, commemorating Destruction of Jerusalem.

    The Septuagint Translators re-classified the Old Testament books according to subject-matter. English translators followed the Septuagint order, as we now have them.  

(Halley's Bible Handbook. p 26)


Book of the Old Testament

Group

Books 

Chronological


The Law

Genesis Job
Exodus Genesis
Leviticus Exodus
Numbers Leviticus
Deuteronomy Numbers





HISTORY

Joshua Deuteronomy
Judges Joshua
Ruth Judges
1 Samuel Ruth
2 Samuel 1 Samuel
1 Kings 2 Samuel
2 Kings Psalms
1 Chronicles Song of Song
2 Chronicles Proverbs
Ezra Ecclesiastes
Nehemiah Obadiah
Esther Joel
Job Jonah

POETRY

Psalms Amos
Proverbs Hosea
Ecclesiastes Isaiah
Song of Song Micah









PROPHETS


 Major

Isaiah Nahum
Jeremiah Zephaniah
Lamentations Jeremiah
Ezekiel Lamentations
Daniel Habakkuk

 




Manor

 

Hosea 1 King
Joel 2 King
Amos Daniel
Obadiah Ezekiel
Jonah Haggai
Micah Zechariah
Nahum 1 Chronicles
Habakkuk 2 Chronicles
Zephaniah Ezra
Haggai Esther
Zechariah Nehemiah
Malachi Malachi

 

 

Old Testament New American Standard Bible (NASB)


Book Chapters
Genesis 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
Exodus 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
Leviticus 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27
Numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
Deuteronomy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34
Joshua 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
Judges 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
Ruth 1 2 3 4
1 Samuel 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
2 Samuel 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
1 Kings 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
2 Kings 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
1 Chronicles 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
2 Chronicles 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36
Ezra 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Nehemiah 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Esther 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Job 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42
Psalm 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150
Proverbs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
Ecclesiastes 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Song of Solomon 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Isaiah 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66
Jeremiah 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52
Lamentations 1 2 3 4 5
Ezekiel 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48
Daniel 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Hosea 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Joel 1 2 3
Amos 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Obadiah 1
Jonah 1 2 3 4
Micah 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Nahum 1 2 3
Habakkuk 1 2 3
Zephaniah 1 2 3
Haggai 1 2
Zechariah 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Malachi 1 2 3 4