Zechariah Graphics

Zechariah Time

 Babylon overthrown by Cyrus Cyrus's decree allowing the exiles to return Temple construction begins Temple work halted  Haggai, Zechariah become prophets; temple work resumedTemple completed 
 539 538 536530  520 516

Vital statistics

 Propose: To give hope to God's people be revealing God's future deliverance through the Messiah
 Author: Zechariah
 Original audience: The Jews in Jerusalem who had returned from their captivity in Babylon
 Date written: Chapters 1-8 were written approximately 520-518 B.C. Chapters 9-14 were written around  480 B.C.
 Setting: The exiles had returned from Babylon to rebuild the Temple, but the work had been thwarted and stalled. Haggai and Zechariah confronted the people with their task and encouraged them to complete it.
 Key verses: "Rejoice, O people of Zion! Shout in triumph, O people of Jerusalem! Look, you king is coming to you. He is righteous and victorious, yet he is humble, riding on a donkey-riding on a donkey's colt... Your king will bring peace to the nations. He realm will stretch from sea to sea and from the Euphrates River to the ends of the earth" (9:9, 10) 
 Key people: Zerubbabel, Jeshua
 Key place: Jerusalem
 Special features: This book is the most apocalyptic and messianic of all the minor prophets. 

The Rulers and Prophets of Zechariah's Time



Medo-Persian Kings


Medo-Persian Empire


Darius I Hystaspes  521  486

Ahasuerus (Xerxes) 486


483 Vashti deposed

       Darius the Mede 539-525 

478 Esther Queen



520        489


Haggai 520 505


Zechariah and His Contemporary Prophets

(Southern Kingdom)


Daniel and 70-years Jewish Captivity

3 Stages of Captivity

 605 Daniel and friends 

 538 Zerubbabel

 597 Ezekiel and 10,000 captives 538 Decree of Cyrus   
 586 Destruction of Jerusalem 536 Temple started   
           534 Temple work stopped   
           520 Temple work resumed   
           516 Temple finished   

Personality Profile: Zechariah

1:1 Name means: “Jehovah remembers.”
Not to be confused with: At least 27 other men of the same name in the Bible, including the son and successor of Jeroboam II (2 Kin. 14:29; 15:8), and the father of John the Baptist (Luke 1:5).
Home: Probably born in Babylon; relocated to Jerusalem, possibly in the return of 538 a.d.
Family: Was the grandson of Iddo and the son of Berechiah.
Occupation: Probably a Levite (if Neh. 12:16 refers to him), and a prophet in postexilic Jerusalem.
Best known today for: His eight prophetic, apocalyptic visions, and his two judgment-salvation oracles, in which he rebuked the people of Jerusalem and exhorted them to complete the rebuilding of the temple.
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Zac 2.4). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Prophecies of the Messiah in Zechariah

New Testament Fulfillment
The ruler on the throne (Zech. 2:10–13)
Rev. 5:13; 6:9; 21:24; 22:1–5
A holy priesthood (Zech. 3:8)
John 2:19–21;
Eph. 2:20–21
1 Pet. 2:5
A heavenly high priest (Zech. 6:12–13)
Heb. 4:4; 8:1–2
The ruler on a donkey (Zech. 9:9–10)
Matt. 21:4–5
The price of 30 pieces of silver (Zech. 11:12–13)
Matt. 26:14–15
The silver used to buy a potter’s field (Zech. 11:13)
Matt. 27:9
Piercing of the Messiah’s body (Zech. 12:10)
John 19:34, 37
Wounding of the Shepherd Savior and scattering of the sheep (Zech. 13:1, 6–7)
Matt. 26:31;
John 16:32
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Zac 11.16). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Scattering & Return

Deuteronomy     28:1–2
Isaiah     11:11–12
Isaiah     66:20–22
Ezekiel     39:25–29
Jeremiah     16:14–16
Zephaniah     3:14–20
Zechariah     8:4–8
Ezekiel     11:17–21
Joel      3:17–21
Amos      9:11–15
Micah      4:4–7

Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (502). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.

Zechariah’s Visions

 Vision Significance
 Man and horses among the myrtle trees (1:18) The Lord will again be merciful to Jerusalem (1:141617).
 Four horns, four craftsman (1:18–20) Those who scattered Judah are cast our (1:21).
 Man with measuring line (2:1) God will be a protective wall of fire around Jerusalem (2:3–5).
 Cleansing of Joshua (3:4) The Servant, the Branch, comes to save (3:89).
 Golden lampstand and olive trees (4:23) The Lord empowers Israel by His Spirit (4:6).
 Flying scroll (5:1) Dishonesty is cursed (5:3).
 Woman in the basket (5:67) Wickedness will be removed (5:9).
 Four chariots (6:1) The spirits of heaven execute judgement on the whole earth (6:57).
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (Zac 1.2). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.


   Served as a prophet to Judah about 520 B.C., after the return from exile.  

   Climate of the times

   The exiles had returned from captivity to rebuild their Temple. But work on the Temple had stalled, and the people were ignoring their service to God. 

   Main message

   Zechariah, like Haggai, encouraged the people to finish rebuilding the Temple. His visions gave the people hope. He told the people of a future king who would one day establish an eternal Kingdom. 

   Importance of message
  Even in times of discouragement and despair, God is working out his plan. God protects and guides us.

   Contemporary prophet
 Haggai (approximately 520 B.C.)

The Blueprint

  1. Zechariah's night visions 
  2. Zechariah's words of encouragement  

   Zechariah encouraged the people to put away the sin in their lives and to continue rebuilding the temple. His visions described the judgment of Israel's enemies, the blessings to Jerusalem, and the need for God's people to remain pure - avoiding hypocrisy, superficiality, and sin Zechariah's visions provided hope to the people. We also need to carefully follow the instruction to remain pure until Christ returns.

  Besides encouragement and hope, Zechariah's messages were also a warning that God's messianic Kingdom would not begin as soon as the Temple was complete. Israel's enemies would be judged and the King would come, but God's people would themselves face many difficult circumstances before experiencing the blessing of the messianic Kingdom. We too, may face much sorrow, disappointment, and distress before coming into Christ's eternal Kingdom.     

Zechariah Overview

Other Names of Jerusalem

  1. The city of our God (Ps 48:1)
  2. The city of the Great King (Ps 48:2)
  3. The city of the Lord Almighty (Ps 48:8)
  4. Salem (Ps 76:2)
  5. Zion (Ps 76:2)
  6. The City Of Righteousness (Isa 1:26)
  7. The Faithful City (Isa 1:26)
  8. Ariel (Lion of God) (Isa 29:1)
  9. The holy city (Isa 52:1)
  10. The City of the Lord (Isa 60:14)
  11. Hephzibah ["My delight is in her"] (Isa 62:4)
  12. The Throne of the Lord (Jer 3:17)
  13. The Lord our Righteous Savior (Jer 33:16)
  14. The perfection of beauty (La 2:15)
  15. The joy of the whole earth (La 2:15)
  16. The Lord is there (Eze 48:35)
  17. The Faithful City (Zec 8:3)