Graphics of Romans




Vital statistics



 Purpose: to introduce Paul to the Romans and to give a sample of his message before he arrives in Rome
 Author: Paul 
 Original audience:   The Christians in Rome 
 Date written: About A.D. 57, from Corinth, as Paul was preparing for his visit to Jerusalem
 Setting: Apparently Paul had finished his work in the east, and he planned to visit Rome on his way to Spain after first bringing a collection to Jerusalem for the poor Christians there (15:23-28). The Roman church was mostly Jewish but also contained a great number of Gentiles
 Key verse: "Therefore, since we have been made right in God's sight by faith, we have peace with God because of what Jesus Christ our Lord has done for us" (5:1).
 Key people: Paul, Phoebe
 Key place: Rome
 Special features: Paul wrote Roman as an organized and carefully presented statement of his faith - it does no have the from of a typical letter. He does, however, spend considerable time greeting people in Rome at the end of the letter. 





Good News for the World in Romans 9–11

Passage
Teaching
9:24
     God in His mercy calls not only Jews but Gentiles as well.
9:25
     Gentiles, who were not God’s people, have become children of the living God.
9:30
     Gentiles have received righteousness through their faith, just as Jews who have believed in Jesus.
10:3
     But Jews who seek God through the Law’s requirements will never find righteousness because they do not seek it through faith. They seek to establish their own righteousness, not God’s.
10:4
     Jesus is God’s righteousness to everyone who believes.
9:33; 10:9, 11
     Faith in Jesus is the key to salvation.
10:12–13
     When it comes to who can be saved, God makes no distinction between Jews and Gentiles.
10:20–21; 11:11
     The Gentiles, who were not looking for God, found Him. But the Jews, whom God continually reached out to, did not want Him.
11:1–2
     God has not given up on the Jews. Many have turned to God; Paul was one of them.
11:14
     The Gentiles found Christ through the witness of the Jews. Paul’s great desire was for Jews to come to Christ through the witness of the Gentiles.
11:16–24
     Gentiles were grafted into God’s tree of life as Jews rejected God and were broken off. But that leaves no room for pride or arrogance on the part of the Gentiles; rather, it calls for humility.
11:19–24
     Jews were “cut off” because they refused to believe. If they repent, God is able to graft them in again.
11:32
     God’s desire is to have mercy on all.
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Gn 1.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.



Women of the Early Church


Apphia (Philem. 2)
Euodia (
Phil. 4:2–3)
Junia (possibly a woman,
Rom. 16:7)
Lydia (
Acts 16:13–40)
Mary of Rome (
Rom. 16:6)
Nympha (?) (
Col. 4:15)
Persis (
Rom. 16:12)
Phoebe (
Rom. 16:1–2)
Priscilla (
Acts 18:1–28; Rom. 16:3; 1 Cor. 16:19; 2 Tim. 4:19)
Syntyche (
Phil. 4:2–3)
Tryphena (
Rom. 16:12)
Tryphosa (
Rom. 16:12)
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Ro 16.12). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.




Romans 6:1–14


What Idenification Means
How We Respond to Find Victory
I.
Union with Christ in His death.
I.
Understand what union with Jesus means.
Sin in our bodies is rendered inoperative, robber of its lordship
We were crucified with Christ that the dominance over the body of our sin nature might be rendered inoperative.
II.
Union with Christ in His resurrection.
II.
Believe (count what God says as true:“reckon”).
We are made alive with Christ, free to serve God.
Stop turning yourself over to sin. Trust God’s promise that you no longer must sin.
III.
Act on what you believe.
Present yourselves to God rather than to sin and do His will.
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (819). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.




Comparison:Romans 7 and 8


Chapter 7
Chapter 8
I struggle to keep the Law.
I yield myself to jesus.
Battlefield: self-effort
Battlefield:enablement
Combatants:
Combatants:
law of sin in the flesh vs. law of the mind
law of sin in the flesh vs. Spirit of life in Christ Jesus
Outcome:
Outcome:
I serve sin.
The requiremtns of the Law are fulfilled in us.
Summary:
Summary:
Romans 7:4–6
Romans 8:8–11
NOTE
NOTE
Relating to God through an impersonal code:
Relating to God personally through faith:
“law”—20 times
“law”—4 times
“I”—22 times
“Holy Spirit”—20 times
“I do”—14 times
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (825). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.



With Paul At Rome


Men
Women
Timothy
Aquila
Rufus
Priscilla
Lucius
Epenetus
Asyncritus
Mary
Jason
Adronicus
Phlegon
Tryphena
Sosipater
Ampliatus
Hermes
Tryphosa
Tertius
Urbanus
Patrobas
Persis
Gaius
Stachys
Hermas
Julia
Erastus
Herodion
Nereus
Quartus
Olympas
Junias
Phoebe
Apelles
Philologus
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (837). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.



The Christian Life


Description of the Christian
Result
Presents himself to God (12:1)
Becomes a sacrifice that is living, holy and pleasing to God (12:1)
Receives transformation by a renewed mind (12:2)
Discovers and displays the will of god (12:2)
Has spiritual gifts according to grace from God (12:6–8)
Uses spiritual gifts as part of Christ’s body (12:6)
Honors civil law (13:1)
Honors God (13:1)
Loves others (13:8)
Fulfills God’s law (13:8)
Pursues peace (14:19)
Serves to edify all (14:19)
Becomes lie-minded toward others (15:5)
Glorifies God with others (15:6)
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (Ro 11.23). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.


What has God done about Sin?


 He has given us Principle Importance
 New life 6:2, 3. Sin's power is broken.
 6:4. Sin-loving nature is buried
 6:6. You are no longer under sin's control
 We can be certain that sin's power is broken.
 New nature 6:5. Now you share his new life.
 6:11. Look upon your old self as dead; instead, be alive to God.
 We can see ourselves as unresponsive to the old power and alive to the new.  
 New freedom 6:12. Do not let sin control you.
 6:13. Give yourselves completely to God.
 6:14. You are free. 
 6:16. You can choose your own master. 
 We can commit ourselves to obey Christ in perfect freedom.  



The Blueprint



  1. WHAT TO BELIEVE (1:1-11:36)

  1. Sinfulness of humanity

  2. Forgiveness of sin through Christ

  3. Freedom from sin’s grasp

  4. Israel’s past, present, and future

Paul clearly sets forth the foundations of the Christian faith. All people are sinful; Christ died to forgive sin; we are made right with God through faith; this begins a new life with a new relationship with God. Like a sports team that constantly reviews the basic, we will be greatly helped in our faith by keeping close to these foundations. If we study Romans carefully, we will never be at a loss to know what to believe.    

  1. HOW TO BEHAVE (12:1-16:27)

  1. Personal responsibility

  2. Personal notes

Paul gives clear, practical guidelines for the believers in Rome. The Christian life is not abstract theology unconnected with life, but it has practical implications that will affect how we choose to behave each day. It is not enough merely to know the gospel; we must let it transform our life and let God impact every aspect of our live.  






Crucial Concepts in Romans


 ELECTION 
 Romans 9:10-13
 God's choice of an individual or group for a specific purpose or destiny. 
 JUSTIFICATION
 Romans 4:25; 5:18
 God's act of declaring us "not guilty" for our sins, making us "right" with him.
 PROPITIATION
 Romans 3:25
 The removal of God's punishment for sin through the perfect sacrifice of Jesus Christ. 
 REDENTIONS
 Romans 3:24; 8:23
 Jesus Christ has paid the price so we can go free. The price of sin is death; Jesus paid the price.  
 SACTIFICATION
 Romans 5:2; 15:16
 Becoming more and more like Jesus Christ through the work of the Holy Spirit.
 GLORIFICATION
 Romans 8:18, 19, 30
 The ultimate state of the believer after death when he or she becomes like Christ
(1 John 3:2).