Micah's Time


Hosea becomes a prophet  Jotham becomes king of Judah Tiglath-pileser III invaded Israel Micah becomes a prophet; Pekahiah becomes king  Isaiah becomes a prophetAhaz becomes king of Judah Israel (the northern kingdom) falls Hosea's ministry ends; Hezekiah becomes king of Judah Sennacherib surrounds Jerusalem Micah's ministry ends 
 7453 B.C. 750 743742  740 735 722 715 701 687





Vital statistics


 Purpose: To warn God's people that judgment is coming and to offer pardon to all who repent
 Author: Micah, a native of Moresheth, near Gath, about 20 miles southwest of Jerusalem
 Original audience:  The people of Israel (the northern kingdom) and of Judah (the southern kingdom) 
 Date written: Possibly during the reigns of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah (742-687 B.C.)
 Setting: The political situation is described in 2 Kings 15-20 and 2 Chronicles 26-30. Micah was a contemporary of Isaiah and Hosea.
 Key verse: "No, O people, the Lord has told you what is good, and this is what he requires of you: to do what is right, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with your God" (6:8).
 Key people: The people of Samaria and Jerusalem
 Key places: Samaria, Jerusalem, Bethlehem 
 Special features: This is a beautiful example of classical Hebrew poetry. There are three parts, each beginning with "Attention!" or "Listen" (1:2; 3:1; 6:1) and closing with a promise.






The Rulers and Prophets of Micah's Time


820810800790780770760750740730720710700690680670660

Kings of Assyria

    

Tiglath-pileser III (Tilgath-pilineser III)

745               727

Shalmaneser V    
     Sargon II 722 - 705    
     

705     Sennacherib     681

  

Kings of Israel

(Northern Kingdom)

   

Shallum 1 month

 

Hoshea

7362 - 722

Northern 10 tribes taken captives by King Shalmaneser V of Assyria in 722 B.C. 
    Menahem  752-742 
     Pekahiah 742-740 
     Pekah 752 -732   

Prophets to Israel

(Northern Kingdom)

    

755         Hosea        714

      
          
          

kings of Judah

(Southern Kingdom)

790        Uzziah or Azariah         739

735 Ahaz 715

      
    

750  Jotham   731

  

697               Manasseh

      

730           Hezekiah           686

   

Micah and His Contemporary Prophets     (Southern Kingdom)

      

733          MICAH          701

    
          
     

739                        Isaiah                        681

  
820810800790780770760750740730720710700690680670660




Personality Profile: Micah


1:1 Name means: “Who is like the Lord?”
Not to be confused with: Micah the Ephraimite (Judg. 17–18), or Micaiah the prophet in the time of Ahab (1 Kin. 22:8–282 Chr. 18:3–27).
Home: Moresheth, possibly the same as Moresheth Gath (Mic. 1:14), a city in the lowlands of Judah, about 22 miles southwest of Jerusalem.
Occupation: Prophet in Judah during the reigns of Jotham (c. 750–735 a.d.), Ahaz (c. 735–715 a.d.), and Hezekiah (c. 715–686 a.d.).
Best known today as: A contemporary of Isaiah (see Is. 1:1) who denounced Judah for adopting the idolatrous ways of Israel, and criticized the leaders of Jerusalem for their oppressive policies toward the country’s rural citizens.


Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Mi 2.2). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.




Micah & Isaiah

There are many parallels in the messages of Isaiah and Micah, and the message of each can be seen in the other. For instance, compare:
Micah     Isaiah
1:9–16     10:28–32
2:1–2     5:8
2:6, 11     30:10
2:12     10:20–23
3:5–7     29:9–12
4:1     2:2
4:4     1:19
4:7     9:7
4:10     39:6
5:2–4     7:14
5:6     14:25
6:6–8     58:6–7
7:7     8:17
7:12     11:11
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (477). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.




Micah

Served as a prophet to Judah 742-687 B.C.

 
 CLIMATE OF THE TIME

 
 King Ahaz set up pagan idols in the Temple and finally nailed the Temple doors shut. Four different nations harassed Judah. When Hezekiah became king, the nation began a slow road to recovery and economic strength. Hezekiah probably heeded much of Micah's advice.
 
 
 MAIN MESSAGE

 
 Prediction of the fall of both the northern kingdom of Israel and the southern kingdom of Judah. This was God's disciple  upon the people, actually showing how much he cared for them. Hezekiah's good reign helped pospone Judah's punishment. 

 
 IMPORTANCE OF MESSAGE

 
 Choosing to live a life apart from God is making a commitment to sin. Sin leads to judgment and death. God alone show us the way to eternal peace. His discipline often keeps us on the right path. 

 
 CONTEMPORARY PROPHETS

 
 Hosea (753-715 B.C.), Isaiah (740-681 B.C.)





The Blueprint


 

  1) THE TRIAL OF THE CAPITALS (1:1-2:13)


  2) THE TRIAL OF THE LEADERS (3:1-5:15)



   Micah emphasized the need for justice and peace. Like a lawyer, he set forth God's case against Israel and Judah, their leaders, and their people. Throughout the book are prophecies about Jesus, the Messiah, who will gather the people into one nation. He will be their King and Ruler, acting mercifully toward them. Micah makes it clear that God hates unkindness, idolatry, injustice, and empty ritual - and he still hates these today. But God is very willing to pardon the sins of any who repent.