Graphics of Leviticus



 Joseph diesSlavery in Egypt Exodus from Egypt Ten
Commandments
given 
 Israel 
camps at Mount Sinai
 Moses
dies, Canaan entered
Judges begin to rule
United Kingdom
 under Saul 
 1805 B.C
(1640 B.C)
 1446
(1280) 
 1446
(1279)
 1444
(1278)
 1406
(1240)
1375
(1220) 
1050
(1045) 




Vital statistics


 Purpose:  A handbook for the priests and Levites outlining their duties in worship, and a guidebook of holy living for the Hebrews  
 Author: Moses
 Original audience: The people of Israel
 Date written: 1450-1410 B.C
 Where written:  In the wilderness during Israel's wanderings, somewhere in the Sinai peninsula.
 Setting: At the foot of Mount Sinai. God is teaching the Israelites how to live as holy people. 
 Key verse: "You must be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy" (19:2)
 Key people: Moses, Aaron, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar. Ithamar.
 Key place: Mount Sinai
 Special feature: Holiness is mentioned more times (152) than in any other book of the Bible.



Laws and Modern Applications

The Law
What Might This Say About. . .
Prohibited theft and robbery (19:11, 13).
     Pilfering of supplies and equipment?
     “Time theft” through extended lunch breaks, loafing, and “sick” days?
Prohibited fraud (dealing “falsely, ” 19:11).
     False advertising?
     Deceptive trade practices?
Prohibited deception (19:11).
     Lying to a customer or vendor?
Prohibited false oaths (19:12).
     Lying on a résumé?
     Writing a “hot check”?
Prohibited “profaning” the name of the Lord (19:12)
     Swearing and cursing?
     Causing unbelievers to sneer at Christ because of hypocrisy?
Prohibited cheating one’s neighbor (19:13).
     Shoddy workmanship?
     Overcharging?
Demanded timely payment of wages (19:13).
     Payments that are overdue?
     Using bureaucratic procedure as a stall tactic?
Prohibited spreading rumors and lies (19:16).
     “Blacklisting”?
     Incorrect credit reports?
Demanded accurate measurements and honest scales (19:35–36).
     Dishonest accounting procedures?
     Inaccurate test scores and the unfair use of results?
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Lv 19.35). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.



Kinds of Sacrifices

Offering
Purpose
Sacrifice Required
Action Taken
BURNT (Lev. 1:1–17; 6:8–13)
Dedication to God
Bulls, sheep, goats, turtledoves, pigeons
Kill and burn all except the skin.
GRAIN (Lev. 2:1–16; 6:14–23)
Thanksgiving
Breads, cereals, and other grain products
Burn part; priests eat the remainder.
PEACE (Lev. 3:1–17; 7:11–18)
Gratitude to God, public celebration, and completion of vows
Any clean, affordable animal
Burn part; priests and worshiper eat the remainder.
SIN (Lev. 4:1–35; 6:24–30)
Purification from unintended sin or defilement
Bulls, goats, lambs, rams
Kill the animal, burn fatty portions, sprinkle blood on the altar, burn the remainder outside the camp (when the offering was for the high priest or congregation).
GUILT or TRESPASS (Lev. 5:1–6:7; 7:1–10)
Remove guilt related to community life and worship
Lambs, turtledoves, pigeons, fine flour, rams; restitution to injured parties
Kill the animal, burn the fat; priests eat the remainder.
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Gn 1.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.




Festival System


APRIL (NISAN)
14–21—PASSOVER:
remembrance of deliverance from Egypt; beginning of religious year
MAY (IYAR)
JUNE (SIVAN)
6—PENTECOST:
feast of harvest and firstfruits
JULY (TAMMUZ)
AUG. (AB)
SEPT. (ELUL)
OCT. (TISHRI)
1–2—FEAST OF TRUMPETS
ROSH HASHANAH:
beginning of civil year
10—DAY OF ATONEMENT
15–21—FEAST OF TABERNACLES:
remembrance of the years in tents on the way to Palestine
NOV. (MARCHESVAN)
DEC. (KISLEV)
25—HANUKKAH:
feast of lights added in days of Maccabees
JAN. (TEBETH)
FEB. (SHEBAT)
MARCH (ADAR)
14—PURIM:
added later to remember deliverance under Queen Esther
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (120). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.




The Jewish Calendar

 

  Babylonian names (B) for the months are still used today for the Jewish calendar. Canaanite names (C) were used prior to the Babylonian captivity in 586 B.C. Four are mentioned in the Old Testament. Adar-Sheni is an intercalary month used every two o three years or seven times in 19 years.

1st month 2nd month 3rd month 4th month

 Nisan (B)

Abid (C)

March-April

Lyyar (B)

Ziv (C)

April-May

Sivan (B)

 

May-June

Tammuz (B)

 

June-July

7th month8th month9th month10th month
5thmonth6th month7th month8th month
Ab (B)

 

July-August

Elul (B)

 

August-September

Tishri (B)

Ethanim (C)

September-October

Marcheshvab (B)

Bul (C)

October-November

11th month12th month1st month2nd month
9th month10th month11th month12th month
Chislev (B)

 

November-December

Tebeth (B)

 

December-January

Shebat (B)

 

January-February

Adar (B)

 

February-March

3rd month4th month5th month6th month
Sacred calendar appears in black / Civil calendar appears in gray





The Offerings


Listed here are the five key offerings the Israelites made to God. They made these offerings in order to have their sins forgiven and to restore their fellowship with God. The death of Jesus Christ made these sacrifices unnecessary. Because of his death, our sins were completely forgiven, and fellowship with God has been restored. 

 Offering Purpose SignificanceChrist, the Perfect Offering 
 Burnt Offering
(Lev. 1- voluntary)
 To make payment for sins in general Showed a person's devotion to God  Christ's death was the perfect offering
 Grain Offering
(Lev. 2- voluntary)
 To show honor and respect to God in worship  Acknowledged that all we have belongs to God Christ's was the perfect man, who gave all of himself to God and others
 Peace Offering
(Lev. 3- voluntary)
 To express gratitude to God Symbolized peace and fellowship with God   Christ is the only way to fellowship with God
 Sin Offering
(Lev. 4- requited) 
 To make payment for unintentional sins of uncleanness, neglect, or thoughtlessness  Restored the sinner to fellowship with God; showed seriousness of sin  Christ's death restores our fellowship with God
 Guilt Offering
(Lev. 5- required)
 To make payment for sins against God and others. A sacrifice was made to God, and the injured person was repaid or compensated  Provided compensation for injured parties  Christ's death takes away the deadly consequences of sin
 







The Blueprint



  1. WORSHIPING A HOLY GOD (1:1-17:16)

  1. Instruction for the offerings

  2. Instruction for the priest

  3. Instructions for the people

  4. Instruction for the altar

 God provided specific directions for the kind of worship that would be pleasing to him. These instructions teach us about the nature of God and can help us develop a right attitude toward worship. Through the offerings we learn of the seriousness of sin and the importance of bringing our sins to God for forgiveness.   

  1. LIVING A HOLY LIFE (18:1-27:34)

  1. Standards for the people

  2. Rules for priests

  3. Seasons and festivals

  4. Receiving God’s blessing

 God gave clear standards to the Israelites for living a holy life . They were to be separate and distinct from the pagan nations around them. In the same way, all believers should be separated from sin and dedicated to God. God still wants to remove sin from the lives of his people.