Job Graphics

Vital statistics

 Purpose:  To demonstrate God's sovereignty and the meaning of true faith. It addresses the question, "Why do the righteous suffer?"
 Author: Unknown, possibly Job. Some have suggested Moses, Solomon ,or Elihu.  
 Date written: Unknown. Records events that probably occurred during the time of the patriarchs, approximately 2000-1800 B.C.
 Setting:  The land of Uz, probably located northeast of Palestine, near desert land between Damascus and then Euphrates River 
 Key verse: "Then the Lord asked Satan, 'Have you noticed my servant Job? He is the finest man in all the earth. He is blameless-a man of complete integrity. He fears God and stays away from evil. And he has maintained his integrity, even though you urged me to harm him without cause' " (2:3)
 Key people: Job, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, Zophar the Naamathite, Elihu the Buzite 
 Special features: job is the first of the poetic books in the Hebrew Bible. Some believe this was the first book of the Bible to be written. The book gives us insights into the work of Satan. Ezekiel 14:14, 20 and James 5:11 mention Job as a historical character. 

Some Family-Related Prayers in the Bible

Prayed about his and Sarah’s lack of a child, grieving that he had no heir (Gen. 15:1–6).
Abraham’s servant
Prayed for help in finding a wife for Isaac (Gen. 24:12–14).
Prayed about Rebekah’s barrenness (Gen. 25:21).
Prayed in preparation for meeting his estranged brother Esau, whom he had not seen in many years (Gen. 32:9–12).
Prayed for God’s mercy on his brother Aaron after the incident with the golden calf (Deut. 9:20).
Prayed for a son and promised to give him back to God if He would end her barrenness (1 Sam. 1:9–20).
Prayed that God would spare the life of his infant son born to Bathsheba (2 Sam. 12:15–16).
Prayed for his son Solomon, that God would grant him a faithful heart to lead Israel and build the temple (1 Chr. 29:16–19).
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Job 10.18). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

A Comparison of Satan’s Theology with That of Job’s Friends

IF Job is blessed by God, THEN he will be faithful.
IF Job is faithful, THEN he will be blessed.
IF Job is not blessed by God, THEN he will be unfaithful.
(Satan accused God of Bribing His followers.)
IF Job is unfaithful, THEN he will be punished.
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (Job 1.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

An Overview of the Book of Job

A Great Man
A Great Examination
A Great Discussion
A Great Revelation
A Great Vindication
Job and Family
Lord and Satan 1:6–2:13
Job and “Friends”: Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, Elihu 3:1–37:24
Lord and Job 38:1–42:6
Job and Family 42:7–17
Form: Prose Prologue
Poetic Dialogue
Prose Epilogue
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (Job 1.4). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

The Lord Challenges Job

In the face of God’s fearful challenge, Job could only humble himself:

 God's Challenge  Job's Response 
 First, Job's Ignorance (38:1-40:2)
  • He was absent at creation
  • He cannot explain the forces of nature
 Job admits his ignorance and become silent (40:3-5)
 Second, Job frality (40:6-41:34)   
  • He cannot overrule God's ways 
  • He cannot control forces of nature 
 Job confesses his presumption and repents (42:2-6)

New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (Job 41.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

The sources of suffering

When suffering or troubles happen, do they always come from Satan? In Job's story, his series of tragedies did come from Satan, but this  is not always the case. The chart above demonstrates the four main causes of suffering. Any one of these or a combination of them may create suffering. If knowing why we are suffering will teach us to avoid the cause, then the causes are worth knowing. However, it is most important to know howto respond during suffering.  

 Sources Who is Responsible Who is Affected Needed Response
 My sin I am   Myself and others  Repentance and confession to God
 Others' sin Person who sinned and others who allowed the sin Probably many people, including those who sinned  Active resistance to the sinful behavior, while accepting the sinner. 
 Avoidable physical (or natural) disaster  Persons who ignore the facts or refuse to take precautions   Most of those exposed to the cause  Prevent them if possible; be prepared if they can[t be prevented
  Unavoidable physical (or natural) disaster  God, Satan  Most of those present  Ongoing in God's faithfulness 

Advice from Job's friends

Overwhelmed by suffering, Job was not comforted but condemned by his friends. Each of their views represents a well-know way to understand suffering. God proves that each explanation given by Job's friends has less than the whole answer:  

 Who they were Reference How they Helped Their ReasoningTheir Advice   Job's Response God's Response
 Eliphaz the TemaniteJob 4-5; 15; 22 
 Job is suffering because he has sinned. Go to God and present your case to him. (5:8) Stop assuming my guilt. (6:29)  
 Bildad the Shuhite Job 8; 18; 25 They
sat in 
with job for
 Job won't admit he sinned, so he's still suffering.   How long will you go onm like this? (8:2) I will say to Good... Tell me the charge you are bringing against me. (10:2)  Gob
 Zophar the NaamanthiteJob 11; 20 seven days.
 Job's sin deserve even more suffering than he's experienced. Get rid of your sins. (11:13,14) I will be proved innocent. (13:18)  (42:7
 Elihu the BuziteJob 32-37   God is using suffering to mold and train Job.   Keep silent and I will teach you wisdom. (33:33)
 No response God does not directly address Elihu.  
 GodJob 38-41   Confronted Job with the need to be content even though he didn't know why he was suffering  Di not explain the reason for the pain. Do you still want to argue with the Almighty?
 I was taking about things I did not understand (42:3-5)  

The Blueprint

 A. JOB IS TESTED (1:1-2:13)

   Job a wealthy and upright man, lost his possessions, his children, and his health. Job did not understand why he was suffering. Why does God allow his children to suffer? Although there is an explanation, we may not know it white we are here on earth. In the meantime, we must always be ready for testing in our lives.    

  1. First round of discussion 
  2. Second round of discussion
  3. Third round of discussion 

   Job's friends wrongly assumed that suffering always came as a result of sin. With this in mind, they tried to persuade Job to repent of his sin. But the three friends were wrong. Suffering is not always a direct result of personal sin. When we experience severe suffering, it may not be our fault, so we don't have to add to our pain by feeling guilty that some hidden sin is causing our trouble.  

 C. A YOUNG MAN ANSWER JOB (32:1-37:24)

   A young man named Elihu, who had been listening to the entire conversation, criticized the three friends for being unable to answer Job. He said that although Job was a good man, he had allowed himself to become proud, and God was punishing him om order to humble him. This answer was partially true because suffering does purify our faith. But God is beyond our comprehension, and we cannot know why he allows each instance of suffering to come into our lives. Our part is simply to remain faithful.  

 D. GOD ANSWER JOB (38:1-41:34)

   God himself finally answered Job. God is in control of the world, and only he understands why the good are allowed to suffer. This only becomes clear to us when we see God for who he is. We must courageously accept what God allows to happen in our lives and remain firmly committed to him.

 E. JOB IS RESTORED (42:1-17)

   Job finally learned that when nothing else was left, he had God, and that was enough. Through suffering, we learn that God is enough for our lives and our future. We must love God regardless of whether he allows blessing or suffering to come to us. Testing is difficult, but the result is often a deeper relationship with God. Those who endure the testing of their faith will experience God's great rewards in the end.

Job Overview

Biographical Sketch of Job

  1. A spiritually mature man (1:1, 8; 2:3)
  2. Father of many children (1:2; 42:13)
  3. Owner of many herds (1:3; 42:12)
  4. A wealthy and influential man (1:3b)
  5. A priest to his family (1:5)
  6. A loving, wise husband (2:9)
  7. A man of prominence in community affairs (29:7-11)
  8. A man of benevolence (29:12-17; 31:32)
  9. A wise leader (29:21-24)
  10. Grower of crops (31:38-40)