Graphics of John



John's Time

 Herod the Great begins to rule Jesus is bornEscape to Egypt Herod the Great dies Return to Nazareth Judea becomes a Roman province  Tiberius Caesar becomes emperor Pontius Pilate appointed governor Jesus begins his ministry  Jesus and NicodemusJesus chooses twelve disciples  Jesus feeds 5,000 Jesus is crucified, rises again, and ascends
37 B.C  6/5 B.C. 5/4 B.C.4 B.C. 4/3 B.C.  A.D. 6 14 26 26/2727  2829 30 



Vital statistics


 Purpose: To prove conclusive that Jesus is the Son of God and that all who believe in him will have eternal life 
 Author: John the apostle, son of Zebedee, brother of James, called a "Son of Thunder" 
 Original audience: New Christian and searching non-Christian 
 Date written:  Probably A.D. 85-90
 Setting: Written after the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 and before John's exile to the island of Patmos
 Key verses: "The disciples saw Jesus do many other miraculous signs in addition to the one recorded in this book. But these are written so that you may continue to believe that Jesus is the Messiah the Son of God, and that by believing in him you will have life by the power of his name" (20:30, 31)
 Key people: Jesus, John the Baptist, the disciples, Mary, Martha, Lazarus, Jesus'mother, Pilate, Mary Magdalene
 Key places: Judean countryside, Samaria, Galilee, Bethany, Jerusalem
Special features:  Of the eight miracles recorded, six are unique (among the Gospels) to John, as is the "Upper Room Discourse" (chapters 14-17). Over 90 percent of John is unique to his Gospel - John does not contain a genealogy or any record of Jesus' birth, childhood, temptation, transfiguration, appointment of the disciples, nor any account of Jesus' parables, ascension, or great commission. 




The Signs and Their Meanings


Turns water into wine (2:1–12)
Jesus is the source of life.
Heals a nobleman’s son (4:46–54)
Jesus is master over distance.
Heals a lame man at the pool of Bethesda (5:1–17)
Jesus is master over time.
Feeds 5, 000 (6:1–14)
Jesus is the bread of life.
Walks on water, stills a storm (6:15–21)
Jesus is master over nature.
Heals a man blind from birth (9:1–41)
Jesus is the light of the world.
Raises Lazarus from the dead (11:17–45)
Jesus has power over death.
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Jn 1.3). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.






Exchange Between Jesus and the Pharisees


Jesus told the Pharisees …
The Pharisees responded …
I know where I came from and where I’m going (John 8:14–18).
You were born illegitimately (8:19).
You do not know God (8:19).
No response.
You will die in your sin (8:21, 24).
Who are You? (8:25).
[My] truth will make you free (8:31–32).
We’ve never needed freedom (8:33).
You are the slaves of sin (8:34–38).
We are children of Abraham (8:39).
You are murderers and liars, doing the deeds of your father (8:39–41).
We are not illegitimate [like You]; besides, God is our Father (8:41).
Your father is the devil, a murderer and liar (8:42–47).
You’re nothing but a Samaritan and have a demon! (8:48).
I have power even over death (8:49–51).
Who do You think You are? (8:52–54).
My Father honors Me [as His Son]; but you are liars (8:54–56).
You’re just a young upstart, yet You claim to have seen Abraham! (8:57).
I AM (8:58; compare Gen. 17:1; Ex. 3:14).
They picked up stones to throw at Him (8:59).
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Gn 1.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.




Events of Jesus’ Life


B.C.
5
Birth of Jesus.
4
Circumcision and Presentation of Jesus. Coming of the Magi.
Flight into Egypt. Massacre of the Innocents.
Death of Herod the Great.
Return of the Family to Nazareth.
A.D.
8
Jesus’ First Passover.
27
The Baptism and the Temptation of Jesus.
First Passover of Jesus’ Ministry (John 2:13, 23)
Cleansing of the Temple.
28
John the Baptist Imprisoned.
A Passover, some think, but more probably Purim (5:1).
Jesus Begins His Ministry in Galilee.
The Call of Four Disciples at Capernaum.
Jesus’ First Circuit in Galilee.
The Choice of Twelve Apostles.
The Sermon on the Mount.
The Parables of the Kingdom.
29
Commission of the Twelve.
Death of John the Baptist.
Feeding of the Multitude. The Discourse on the Bread of Life.
Peter’s Confession chat Jesus Is the Christ.
The Transfiguration.
Final Departure from Galilee.
Jesus at the Feast of Tabernacles (7:2).
Commission of the Seventy.
Jesus Attends the Feast of Dedication (10:22).
30
Ministry in Perea.
Lazarus Raised from the Dead.
Jesus Passes through Jericho on the Way to Jerusalem.
Public Entry into Jerusalem.
Second Cleansing of the Temple.
Jesus’ Conflict with the Authorities.
The Prophetic Discourses on Olivet.
The Supper at Bethany.
Jesus’ Last Passover (11:55; 12:1).
The Upper Room Discourse.
Gethsemane.
The Arrest and Trials.
The Crucifixion.
The Resurrection.
The Appearances.
The Ascension.
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (704). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.



The “I AM” Statements of John’s Gospel


Twenty-three times in all we find our Lord’s meaningful “I AM” (ego eimi, Gk.) in the Greek text of this Gospel (4:26; 6:20, 35, 41, 48, 51; 8:12, 18, 24, 28, 58; 10:7, 9, 11, 14; 11:25; 13:19; 14:16; 15:1, 5; 18:5, 6, 8). In several of these He joins His “I AM” with seven tremendous metaphors which are expressive of his saving relationship toward the world.
“I AM the Bread of life” (6:35, 41, 48, 51).
“I AM the Light of the world” (8:12).
“I AM the Door of the sheep” (10:7, 9).
“I AM the Good Shepherd” (10:11, 14).
“I AM the Resurrection and the Life” (11:25).
“I AM the Way, the Truth, the Life” (14:6).
“I AM the true Vine” (15:1, 5).
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (Jn 6.19). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.




The High Priestly Prayer of Christ


This prayer of the Son of God was recorded to instruct the readers of their privileged place in their union with both the Father and the Son because of Christ’s ministry on their behalf (17:1–26)
Jesus Prays
(1)     For Himself:
(2)     For His disciples
(3)     For future believers
(vv. 1–5)
(vv. 6–19)
(vv. 20–26)
He affirms the glory of the Cross (vv. 1, 2)
He prays for their knowledge (vv. 6–9)
He prays for their oneness (vv. 20–22)
He expresses the very essence of eternal life (v. 3, 4)
He prays for their perseverance (vv. 10–12)
He prays for their perfect unity (v. 23)
He rejoices in the shared glory of the Father (v. 5)
He prays for their joy (v. 13)
He prays for their future presence with Him (vv. 24, 25)
He prays for their sanctification (vv. 14–17)
He prays for their mutual love (v. 26)
He prays for their mission (vv. 18, 19)
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (Jn 17.3). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.




The Blueprint



  1. BIRTH AND PREPARATION OF JESUS, THE SON OF GOD

          (1:1-2:12)

John makes it clear that Jesus is not just a man; he is the eternal Son of God. He is the light of the world because he offers this gift of eternal life to all people. How blind and foolish to call Jesus nothing more than an unusually good man or moral teacher. Yet we sometimes act as if this were true when we casually toss around his words and go about living our own way. If Jesus is the eternal Son of God, we should pay attention to his divine identity and life-giving message.  

  1. MESSAGE AND MINISTRY OF JESUS, THE SON OF GOD (2:13-12:50)

  1. Jesus encounters belief and unbelief from the people

  2. Jesus encounters conflict with the religious leaders

  3. Jesus encounters crucial events in Jerusalem

Jesus meets with individuals, preaches to great crowds, trains his disciples, and debates with the religious leaders. The message that he is the Son of God receives a mixed reaction. Some worship him, some are puzzled, some shrink back, and some move to silence him. We see the same varied reactions today. Times have changed, but people’s hearts remain hard. May we see ourselves in these encounters Jesus had with people, and may our response be to worship and follow him.    

  1. DEATH AND RESURRECTION OF JESUS, THE SON OF GOD (13:1-21:25)

  1. Jesus teaches his disciples

  2. Jesus completes his mission

Jesus carefully instructed the disciples how to continue to believe even after his death, yet they could not take it in. After he died and the first reports came back that Jesus was alive, the disciples could not believe it. Tomas is especially remembered as one who refused to believe even when he heard the eyewitness account from others disciples. May we not be like Thomas, demanding a physical face-to-face encounter, but may we accept the eyewitness testimony of the disciples that John has recorded in this Gospel.






The claims of Christ


Those who read the life of Christ are faced with one unavoidable questions - was Jesus God? Part of any reasonable conclusion has to include the fact that he did claim to be God. We have no other choice but to agree or disagree with his claim. Eternal life is at stake in the choice. 

Jesus claimed to be: Matthew Mark Luke John 
 The fulfillment of Old Testament prophecies  5:17; 14:33; 16:16, 17; 26:31, 53-56; 27:43 14:21, 6, 62 4:16-21; 7:18-23; 18:31; 22:37; 24:44 2:22; 5:45-47; 6:45; 7:40; 10:34-36; 13:18; 15:25; 20:9
 The Son of Man 8:20; 12:8; 16:27; 19:28; 20:18, 19; 24:27, 44; 25:31; 26:2, 45, 64 8:31, 38; 9:9; 10:45; 14:41 6:22; 7:33, 34; 12:8; 17:22; 18:8, 31; 19:10; 21:36 1:51; 3:13, 14; 6:27, 53; 12:23, 34
 The Son of God 11:27; 124:33; 16:16, 17; 27:43 3:11, 12; 14:61, 62 8:28; 10:22 1:18; 3:35, 36; 5:18-26; 6:40; 10:36; 11:4; 17:1; 19:7
 The Messiah/the Christ  23:9, 10; 26:63, 64 8:29, 30 4:41; 23:1, 2; 24:25-27 4:25, 26; 10:24, 25
 teacher/Master  26:18   13:13, 14
 One with authority for forgive  2:1-12 7:48, 49 
 Lord   5:19  13:13, 14; 20:28, 29
 Savior    19:10 3:17; 10:9
  


The Names of Jesus 


In different settings, Jesus gave himself names that pointed to special roles he was ready to fulfill for people. Some of these refer back to the Old Testament promises of the Messiah. Others were ways to help people understand him. 

Reference Name Significance 
  6:27 The Son of Man   Jesus' favorite reference to himself. It  emphasized his humanity-but the way he used it, it was a claim to divinity. 
 6:35 Bread of life Refers to his life-giving role-that he is the only source of eternal life. 
 8:12 Light of the world   Light is a symbol of spiritual truth. Jesus is the universal answer for people's need of spiritual truth.  
 10:7 Gate for the sheep Jesus is the only way into God's Kingdom.
 10:11 Good shepherd Jesus appropriated the prophetic images of the Messiah pictured in the Old Testament. This is a claim to divinity, focusing on Jesus' love and guidance. 
 11:25 The resurrection and the life  Not only is Jesus the source of life; he is the power over death. 
 14:6 The way, the truth, and the life Jesus is the method, the message, and the meaning for all people. With this title, he summarized his purpose in coming to earth. 
 15:1 The true vine This title has an important second part. "you are the branches." As in so many of his other names, Jesus reminds us that just as branches gain life from the vine and cannot live apart from it, so we are completely dependent on Christ for spiritual life. 
  





Jesus' Appearances after His Resurrection


The truth of Christianity rests heavily on the Resurrection. It Jesus rose from grave, who saw him? Hod trustworthy were the witnesses? Those who claimed to have seen the risen Jesus went on to turn the world upside down. Most of them also died for being followers of Christ. People rarely die for halfhearted belief. These are the people who  saw Jesus risen from the grave. 

  •  Mary Magdalene. 
  • The other women at the tomb.
  • Peter in Jerusalem.
  • The two travelers on the road. 
  • Ten disciples behind closed doors. 
  • All the disciples, with Thomas (excluding Judas Iscariot)
  • Seven disciples while fishing.
  • Eleven disciples on the mountain.
  • A crowd of 500.
  • Jesus' brother James.
  • Those who watched Jesus ascend into heaven.
  •  Mark 16:911; John 20:11-18
  • Matthew 28:8-10
  • Luke 24:34; 1 Corinthians 15:5
  • Mark 16:12, 13; Luke 24:13-35
  • Mark 16:14; Luke 24:36-43; John 20:19-25
  • John 20:26-31; 1 Corinthians 15:5
  • John 21:1-14
  • Matthew 28:16-20
  • Corinthians 15:6
  • 1 Corinthians 15:7
  • Luke 24:44-49; Acts 1:3-8