Deuteronomy Graphics

 Slavery in Egypt Exodus from EgyptTen 
death; Israelites enter Canaan
Judges begin to ruleUnited kingdom under Saul
1805 B.C
(1640 B.C.)

Vital statistics

 Purpose:  To remind the people of what God had done and encourage them to rededicate their lives to him
 Author: Moses (except for the final summary, which was probably written by Joshua after Moses' death 
 Original audience: Israel (the new generation entering the Promised Land)
 Date written: About 1401/6 B.C
 Setting: The east side of the Jordan River, in view of Canaan
 Key verse: "Understand, therefore, that the Lord your God is indeed God. He is the faithful God who keeps his covenant for a thousand generations and lavishes his unfailing love on those who love him and obey his commands" (7:9)
 Key people: Moses, Joshua
 Key place: The Arabah in Moab 

Exodus and Deuteronomy 

Ex. 21:1–11
Deut. 15:12–18
Ex. 21:12–14
Deut. 19:1–13
Ex. 22:21–24
Deut. 24:17–22
Ex. 22:29
Deut. 15:19–23
Ex. 23:2–8
Deut. 16:18–20
Ex. 23:10–13
Deut. 15:1–11
Ex. 23:14–17
Deut. 16:1–17
Ex. 23:19a
Deut. 26:2–10
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (138). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.

Crimes Allowing the Death Penalty

Scripture Reference
1. Premeditated Murder—Death Penalty Required
Exodus 21:12–14, 22, 23
2. Kidnapping
Exodus 21:16; Deuteronomy 24:7
3. Striking or Cursing Parents
Exodus 21:15; Leviticus 20:9; Proverbs 20:20; Matthew 15:4; Mark 7:10
4. Magic and Divination
Exodus 22:18
5. Bestiality
Exodus 22:19; Leviticus 20:15, 16
6. Sacrificing to False Gods
Exodus 22:20
7. Profaning the Sabbath
Exodus 35:2; Numbers 15:32–36
8. Offering Human Sacrifice
Leviticus 20:2
9. Adultery
Leviticus 20:10–21; Deuteronomy 22:22
10. Incest
Leviticus 20:11, 12, 14
11. Homosexuality
Leviticus 20:13
12. Blasphemy
Leviticus 24:11–14, 16, 23
13. False Prophecy
Deuteronomy 13:1–10
14. Incorrigible Rebelliousness
Deuteronomy 17:12; 21:18–21
15. Fornication
Deuteronomy 22:20, 21
16. Rape of Betrothed Virgin
Deuteronomy 22:23–27
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (Dt 21.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Polytheism and Monotheism

Belief in many gods.
Belief in only one God.
Usually has a chief god among the pantheon of gods.
The Lord God is the one God, who is inherently different from all other creatures or aspects of the creation.
Rivalries exist within the pantheon; gods can even be assimilated into other religions if their nations or cities are conquered in war.
The Lord God has no rivals, His enemies Satan and the demons are not gods, but created beings. Even if people choose not to believe in Him, He exists nevertheless.
Gods are often identified with natural phenomena, such as storms, fire, and the planets.
The Lord God is separate from His creation, which He made not out of Himself, but out of nothing; He spoke a word, and it came into being (Gen. 1).
Gods tend to be as prone to moral failure as human beings, or even more so.
The Lord God is holy, which means that His character is the absolute of moral purity and goodness.
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Dt 1.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Some Occult Arts Condemned in Scripture

Casting spells or enchantments (Deut. 18:11; Is. 47:9, 12)
Attempting to bind people with spells through chants or wailing.
Consulting mediums (1 Sam. 28:3, 9)
Conducting a seance to bring up the spirit of a dead person. Mediums may have used ventriloquism (Is. 8:19; 29:4).
Divination (Deut. 18:10; Jer. 14:14)
Attempting to forecast the future.
Magic (Gen. 41:8; Ex. 7:8–13; Dan. 1:20; 2:2; Acts 8:9–25)
An occult art practiced by certain Egyptian and Babylonian advisors, and also by Elymas the sorcerer.
Passing a son or daughter through the fire (Deut. 18:10)
Child sacrifice (see “The Valley of Hinnom” at Josh. 18:16).
Soothsaying (Deut. 18:10, 14; Lev. 19:26; 2 Kin. 21:6)
A form of divination, possibly cloud reading.
Sorcery or witchcraft (Ex. 22:18; Deut. 18:10; Is. 47:9, 12; Jer. 27:9; Acts 8:9, 11; 13:6, 8)
Attempting to extract information or guidance from a pagan god, by means such as interpreting the shape of a puddle of oil in a cup (compare Gen. 44:5), throwing down arrows to see which way they pointed, or “reading” the livers of sacrificial animals (Ezek. 21:21).
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Gn 1.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

The Gods of the Canaanites

The Lord declared that “there is no God besides Me” (Deut. 32:39), a claim repeatedly made elsewhere in Scripture (for example, Ex. 8:10; Deut. 4:35; 6:4; Mark 12:32). Yet the Hebrews were quite unique among the peoples of the ancient world in preserving their belief in one God (with certain lapses). Nearly all the others had come to believe in numerous gods.
The Canaanites, whom Israel was to dispossess, worshipped more than seventy deities. The ones shown below were the principal ones.
Highest of the gods, but remained in the background; conferred power and authority on lesser gods.
Name means “master, ” “possessor, ” or “husband”; a god over nature; often designated Hadad, the storm god; but also a name for other local gods such as Baal-Berith (“lord of the covenant, ” Judg. 8:33) and Baal of Peor (see Num. 25:3).
Exact nature unknown, but important to the Philistines (1 Sam. 5), who paraded blind, chained Samson in one of their temples to Dagon (Judg. 16:21–24).
Wife of El (and sometimes of Baal) and mother to the other gods; goddess of the sea; often a favorite deity of women (for example, probably Jezebel, 1 Kin. 18:19); often depicted by a wooden pole or cult pillar (1 Kin. 15:13).
Astarte or Ashtoreth
A goddess of the moon, sexuality, and fertility; sometimes worshipped as an idol by the Hebrews (Judg. 2:13; 1 Sam. 7:3–4; 1 Kin. 11:5).
Baal’s mistress; goddess of war, love, and fertility; may be the “queen of heaven” to whom Jews offered incense in Jeremiah’s day. (Jer. 7:18).
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (Dt 31.28). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

The Blueprint

   A. WHAT GOD HAS DONE FOR US: MOSES' FIRST ADDRESS (1:1-4:43)   Moses reviewed the mighty acts of God for the nations of Israel. Remembering God's special involvement in our lives gives us hope and encouragement for the future.
  1. The Ten Commandments
  2. Love the Lord your God
  3. Laws for proper worship
  4. Laws for ruling the nation 
  5. Laws for human relationships 
  6. Consequences of obedience and disobedience 
   Obeying God's laws brought blessings to the Israelites and disobeying brought misfortune. This was part of the written agreement God made with his people. Although we are not part of this covenant, the principle holds true: Obedience and disobedience carry inevitable consequences in this life and the next
   C. A CALL FOR COMMITMENT TO GOD: MOSES' THIRD ADDRESS   Moses called the people to commitment. God still calls us to be committed to love him with all our heart, soul, mind, and strength. 
   D. THE CHANGE IN LEADERSHIP: MOSES' LAST DAYS    Although Moses made some serious mistakes, he had lived uprightly and carried our God's commands. Moses died with integrity. We too may make some serious mistakes, but that should not stop us from living with integrity and godly commitment.  

Deuteronomy Overview