2 Timothy Graphics

Vital statistics

 Purpose: To give final instruction and encouragement to Timothy, pastor of the church at Ephesus
 Author: Paul
 Original audience: Timothy
 Date written: Approximately A.D. 66 or 67, from prison in Rome. After a year or two of freedom, Paul was arrested again and executed under Emperor Nero.
 Setting: Paul was virtually alone in prison; only Luke was with him. Paul wrote this letter to pass the torch to the new generation of church leaders. He also asked for visits from his friends and for his books, especially the papers - possibly parts of the Old Testament, the Gospels, and other biblical manuscripts.
 Key verse: "Work hard so you can present yourself to God and receive his approval. Be a good worker, one who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly explains the work of truth" (2:15)
 Key people:  Paul, Timothy, Luke, Mark and others
 Key places: Rome, Ephesus
 Special features: Because this is Paul's last letter, it reveals his heart and his priorities- sound doctrine, steadfast faith, confident endurance, and lasting love.  

A Comparison of Paul’s Two Roman Imprisonments

First Imprisonment
Second Imprisonment
Acts 28—Wrote the Prison Epistles
2 Timothy
Accused by Jews of heresy and sedition
Persecuted by Rome and arrested as a criminal against the Empire
Local sporadic persecutions (a.d.60–63)
Neronian persecution (a.d.64–68)
Decent living conditions in a rented house (Acts 28:30, 31)
Poor conditions, in a cold, dark dungeon
Many friends visited him.
Virtually alone (only Luke with Him)
Many opportunities for Christian witness were available
Opportunities for witness were restricted
Was optimistic for release and freedom (Phil. 1:24–26)
Anticipated his execution (2 Tim. 4:6)
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (2 Ti 1.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Timothy’s Ministry

 Timothy must… Because…
  •  Share in suffering for the gospel (1:82:3)
  •  Continue in sound doctrine (1:132:15)
  •  Flee youthful lusts (2:22)
  •  Avoid contentiousness (2:23–25)
  •  Militantly preach the gospel (4:2)

  •  Through such sharing others will be saved (2:10)
  •  False doctrine spreads and leads to ungodliness (2:1617)
  •  He must be cleansed and set apart for the Master’s use (2:21)
  •  He must gently lead others to the truth (2:24–26)
  •  Great apostasy is coming (4:34)
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (2 Ti 3.16). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

The Blueprint

 1. Foundations of Christian service (1:1-2:26)

  2. Difficult times for Christians service (3:1-4:22) 

 Paul gives  helpful advice to Timothy to remain solidly grounded in Christian service and to endure suffering during the difficult days to come. It is easy for us to serve Christ for the wrong reason: because it is exciting, rewarding, or personally enriching. Without a proper foundation, however, we will find it easy to quit during difficult times. All believers need a strong foundation for their service, because Christian service does not get easier as we grow older, and it will become no easier as the time of Christ's return grows closer.  

Second Timothy Overview