2 Chronicles Graphics

Vital statistics

 Purpose: To unify the nation around true worship of God by showings his standard for judging kings. The righteous kings of Judah and the religious revivals under their rule are highlighted, and the sins of the evil kings are exposed.  
 Author: Ezra, according to Jewish tradition
 Original audience: The exiles who returned from captivity
 Date written: Approximately 430 B.C., recording events from the beginning of Solomon's reign (970 B.C.) to the beginning of the Babylonian captivity (586 B.C.)
 Setting: Second Chronicles parallels 1 and 2 King and serves as their commentary. Originally 1 and 2 Chronicles were one book. It was written after the Exile from a priestly perspective, highlighting the importance of the Temple and the religious revivals in Judah. The northern kingdom, Israel, is virtually ignored in this history. 
 Key verse: "Then if my people who are called  by my name will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways , I will hear from heaven and will forgive their sins and restore their land" (7:14)
 Key people:  Solomon, the queen of Sheba, Rehoboam, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Joash, Uzziah, Ahas, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Josiah
 Key places:  Jerusalem, the Temple 
 Special features:   Includes a detailed record of the Temple's construction 

 The Attraction of Israel’s God

The temple at Jerusalem was intended to be like a magnet, drawing people from all over the world to worship the Lord as Israel did (2 Chr. 6:32–33). The table below lists a number of the foreigners in the Bible who were attracted to Israel’s God.
What Happened
The queen of Sheba
After reviewing Solomon’s accomplishments, she praised God. (2 Chr. 9:8).
The rulers of neighboring kingdoms in Solomon’s day
They came to benefit from Solomon’s wisdom, which the Lord had given him (2 Chr. 9:22–24).
The widow of Zarephath
The Phoenician woman and her son were saved from famine, and her son was raised from the dead, because she showed hospitality to Elijah the prophet of the Lord (1 Kin. 17:8–24).
The Syrian general was healed of his leprosy and brought to faith in the Lord because he listened to the advice of his wife’s Jewish maid, and sought out Elisha (2 Kin. 5:1–19).
The Ethiopian official under King Zedekiah demonstrated faith in the Lord by intervening on behalf of the prophet Jeremiah, a courageous act for which the Lord spared him at the time of Jerusalem’s fall (Jer. 38:7–13; 39:15–18).
Through Daniel and the discipline of the Lord, the Babylonian king learned that heaven rules. As a result, he instituted a reign based on truth, justice, and humility (Dan. 4:34–37).
The Persian ruler came to the conclusion that the Lord is the living God after seeing Daniel’s deliverance from the lion’s den as a result of his steadfast integrity (Dan. 6:24–27).
The wise men
These men came to worship a newborn baby whom they called the King of the Jews, having been drawn by a star which they saw in the East (Matt. 2:1–2).
Certain Greeks in Jerusalem
This group requested to meet Jesus, perhaps having heard about Him in Galiee (John 12:20–22).
The Ethiopian treasurer
The African official heard and responded to the gospel after traveling to Jerusalem to worship in the temple (Acts 8:26–40).
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (2 Cr 6.32). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Faith Statements in the Bible

The Ten Commandments (Ex. 20:1–17; Deut. 5:6–21)
Known also as the “ten words, ” these commandments summarize God’s moral code.
Psalm 78
This instructional song about God’s faithfulness and the Israelites unfaithfulness may have been sung or read as a teaching device in ancient Israel.
The Songs of Ascent (Ps. 120–134)
These psalms were probably sung by Israelites making a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, or ascending the temple mount. They helped to focus the people’s attention on the Lord and His dealings with them.
1 Cor. 15:3–7
Paul labeled his summary of Christ’s death, burial, and resurrection as “the gospel” (1 Cor. 15:1), suggesting that these doctrines comprise the core truths of the good news of salvation.
Eph. 4:4–6
This affirmation of the nature of the church is a list of seven elements comprising the unity of the body, organized around the three Persons of the Trinity.
The Philippian Song of Christ (Phil. 2:5–11)
Many believe that this text was an early song or creed of the church which described the humility of Christ and called believers to follow His example.
1 Tim. 3:16
Coaching Timothy in his pastorate at Ephesus, Paul declared the “mystery of godliness, ” a six-point summary of Christian doctrine. The apostle observed that this affirmation was “without controversy. ”
2 Tim. 2:11–13
This “faithful saying” may have been used by the early church in baptizing new believers.
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (2 Cr 9.1). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

 The Prophets of Judah

Semaiah the prophet (2 Chr. 12:15) was one of numerous Old Testament prophets, people commissioned by God to deliver His message. The table below shows prophets who spoke to Judah during the days of the divided kingdom.
During the Reign of. . .
Shemaiah (2 Chr. 11:2–4; 12:5–7, 15)
     Rehoboam 931–913 b. c. )
Iddo the Seer (2 Chr. 12:15; 13:22)
     Rehoboam 931–913 b. c. )
     Abijam 913–911 b. c. )
Azariah, the son of Oded (2 Chr. 15:1, 8)
     Asa 911–870 b. c. )
Hanani (2 Chr. 16:7–10)
     Asa 911–870 b. c. )
Jehu, the son of Hanani (2 Chr. 19:2–3)
     Jehoshaphat 870–848 b. c. )
Jahaziel (2 Chr. 20:14–17)
     Jehoshaphat 870–848 b. c. )
Eliezer (2 Chr. 20:37)
     Jehoshaphat 870–848 b. c. )
     Jehoram (Joram; 848–841 b. c. )
Elijah (2 Chr. 21:12–15)
     Jehoram (Joram; 848–841 b. c. )
     Joash (Jehoash; 835–796 b. c. )
Unnamed prophets (2 Chr. 25:7–9, 15–16)
     Amaziah 796–767 b. c. )
     Uzziah 767–740 b. c. )
     Jotham 740–731 b. c. )
     Ahaz 731–715 b. c. )
     Hezekiah 715–686 b. c. )
Zechariah* (2 Chr. 26:5)
     Uzziah 767–740 b. c. )
     Jotham 740–731 b. c. )
     Ahaz 731–715 b. c. )
     Hezekiah 715–686 b. c. )
     Manasseh 686–642 b. c. )
Unnamed prophets (2 Kin. 21:10; 2 Chr. 33:18)
     Manasseh 686–642 b. c. )
     Josiah 640–609 b. c. )
     Jehoahaz 609 b. c. )
     Jehoiakim 609–598 b. c. )
     Jehoiachin 598–597 b. c. )
     Zedekiah 597–586 b. c. )
     Josiah 640–609 b. c. )
Huldah the prophetess (2 Kin. 22:14–20; 2 Chr. 34:22–28)
     Josiah 640–609 b. c. )
     Jehoiakim 609–598 b. c. )
     Jehoiakim 609–598 b. c. )
     Jehoiachin 598–597 b. c. )
     Zedekiah 597–586 b. c. )
Urijah, the son of Shemaiah (Jer. 26:20)
     Jehoiakim 609–598 b. c. )
     Zedekiah 597–586 b. c. )
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (2 Cr 12.15). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

Time for a Reformation

17:7–10 King Jehoshaphat sent leaders “throughout all the cities of Judah” to teach the Law and promote spiritual and political reforms (2 Chr. 17:7–9). Perhaps this outreach would not have been necessary had an existing system of spiritual guidance and education not broken down. Scattered throughout Judah were perhaps as many as sixteen or more of the forty-eight cities designated as Levitical cities, where Levites enjoyed special rights and privileges. The location of these cities distributed Levites throughout Israelite territory. These religious leaders were supposed to teach the people God’s ways—the very objective that Jehoshaphat was now seeking to achieve (17:8).
Find out more about the role and location of the Levitical cities at Josh. 21:1–3.
During the Reign of. . .
Ahijah the Shilonite (1 Kin. 11:29–39; 14:1–18)
     Jeroboam I 931–910 b. c. )
Man of God from Judah (1 Kin. 13:1–32; 2 Kin. 23:15–18)
     Jeroboam I 931–910 b. c. )
Old prophet at Bethel (1 Kin. 13:11–32; 2 Kin. 23:18)
     Jeroboam I 931–910 b. c. )
Iddo the Seer (2 Chr. 9:29)
     Jeroboam I 931–910 b. c. )
Jehu, the son of Hanani (1 Kin. 16:1–7)
     Baasha 909–886 b. c. )
Elijah (1 Kin. 17–21; 2 Kin. 1–2)
     Ahab 874–853 b. c. )
     Ahaziah 853–852 b. c. )
Elisha (1 Kin. 19:19–21; 2 Kin. 2–13)
     Ahab 874–853 b. c. )
     Ahaziah 853–852 b. c. )
     Joram 852–841 b. c. )
     Jehu 841–814 b. c. )
     Jehoahaz 814–798 b. c. )
     Jehoash (Joash; 798–782 b. c. )
Micaiah, the son of Imla (1 Kin. 22:8–28; 2 Chr. 18:7–27)
     Ahab 874–853 b. c. )
Unnamed prophets (1 Kin. 18:4, 13; 20:28, 35–43)
     Ahab 874–853 b. c. )
     Jeroboam II 782–753 b. c. )
     Jeroboam II 782–753 b. c. )
     Jeroboam II 782–753 b. c. )
     Zechariah 753–752 b. c. )
     Shallum 752 b. c. )
     Menahem 752–742 b. c. )
     Pekahiah 742–740 b. c. )
     Pekah 740–732 b. c. )
     Hoshea 732–722 b. c. )
Oded the prophet (2 Chr. 28:9–11)
     Pekah 740–732 b. c. )
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (2 Cr 19.5). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.

The Blueprint

  A. THE REIGN OF SOLOMON (1:1-9:31)
  1. Solomon asks for wisdom
  2. Solomon builds the Temple
  3. Solomon dedicates the Temple
  4. Solomon's riches and wisdom
  Solomon achieved much in business and government, but most important, he was the man God used to build the glorious Temple. This beautiful building was the religious center of the nation. It symbolized the unity of all the tribes, the presence of God among them, and the nation's high calling. We may achieve great things in life, but we must not neglect any effort that will help nurture God's people or bring others into God's Kingdom. It is easy for us to get the wrong perspective on what's really important in life.   
  B. THE KINGDOM OF JUDAH (10:1-36:23)
  1. The northern tribes revolt 
  2. History of apostasy and reform
  3. Judah is exiled to Babylon  
  Throughout the reins of 20 kings, the nation of Judah wavered between obedience to God and apostasy. The reigning king's response to God determined the spiritual climate of the nation and whether or not God would send judgment upon his people. Our personal history is shaped by our response to God. Just as Judah's failure to repent brought them captivity in Babylon, so the abuse of our high calling by sinful living will ultimately bring us catastrophe and destruction.