1 Timothy Graphics

Vital statistics

 Purpose: To give encouragement and instruction to Timothy, a young leader 
 Author: Paul
 Original audience: Timothy, Paul's son in the faith 
 Date written: Approximately A.D 64, from Rome or Macedonia (possibly Philippi), probably just prior to Paul's final imprisonment in Rome
 Setting:  Timothy was one of Paul's closest companions. Paul had sent Timothy to the church at Ephesus to counter the false teaching that had arisen there (1:3, 4). Timothy probably served for a time as a leader in the church at Ephesus, Paul hoped to visit Timothy (3:14, 15; 4:13), but in the meantime, he wrote this letter to give Timothy practical advice about the ministry.  
 Key verse: "Don't let anyone think less of you because you are young. Be an example to all believers in what you say, in the way you live, in your love, your faith, and your purity" (4:12)
 Key people: Paul, Timothy
 Key place:  Ephesus 
 Special features: First Timothy is a personal letter and a handbook of church administration and disciple.  

Common Content in the Pastoral Epistles

The Life of the Church 
1 Timothy
The Work of Leaders 
2 Timothy
The Way of the Body 
 1:3–7 Goal of ministry:love from pure heart 1:3–12 Called to holy life, fervent love 1:1–4 Concern for “knowledge of the truth that leads to godliness”
 1:8–11 Lifestyle contrary to sound doctrine described 1:13–14 Must guard sound doctrine 
 1:12–17 Paul an example of a saved sinner; “eternal” life 1:15–18 Onesiphorus an example 
 1:18–20 Timothys goal to be a minister of the faith 2:1–7 Timothy to entrust truth to faithful men who will minister 
 2:1–7 Pray and live to bring salvation to others 2:8–13 Paul’s endurance for the salvation of elect 
 2:8–10 Examples of godly life 2:14–19 Leaders must live godly lives 
 2:11–15 Special limits placed on women’s role 2:20–21 Limits placed by individual’s response 
 3:1–15 Leader’s qualifications 2:22–26 How a leader lives, teaches, and corrects 1:5–9 Leader’s example
1:10–16 Leader’s duties
 4:1–5 False lifestyle 3:1–9 False leaders 
 4:6–10 Danger of distraction from godliness  
 4:11–16 Need to set example in faith, speech, life, etc. 3:10–17 Need to continue in godly life and teaching 
 5:1–8 Respect toward others in the family:“put religion into practice” 4:1–5 Need to preach and live true doctrine 2:1–15 Godly life and doctrine applied
 5:9–16 Widows’ role  
 5:17–20 Elders’ responsibility  
 5:21–25 Various injunctions  
 6:1–2 Slaves’ attitudes  
 6:3–10 False doctrine; wrong motives  
 6:11–21 Charge to pursue godliness, truth, love, etc., keep faith in Christ central 4:6–18 Paul an example of persevering workman, athlete 3:1–11 Practical results of our common salvation
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (965). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.

Qualifications for Leadership

1. Above reproach
Not open to censure; having unimpeachable Integrity.
2. Husband of one wife
A one-wife kind of man, not a philanderer (doesn’t necessarily rule out widowers or divorced men).
3. Having believing children
Children are Christians, not incorrigible or unruly.
4. Not self-willed
Not arrogantly self-satisfied.
Titus 1:5–9
5. Not quick-tempered
Not prone to anger or irascible.
6. Not addicted to wine
Not fond of wine, or drunk.
7. Not pugnacious
Not contentious or quarrelsome.
8. Not a money-lover
Not greedy for money.
9. Hospitable
A stranger-lover, generous to guests.
10. Lover of good
Loving goodness.
11. Sensible
Self-controlled, sane, temperate.
12. Just
Righteous, upright, aligned with right.
13. Devout
Responsible in fulfilling moral obligations to God and man.
14. Self-controlled
Restrained, under control.
15. Holding fast the Word
Committed to God’s Word as authoritative.
16. Able to teach sound doctrine
Calling others to wholeness through teaching God’s Word.
17. Able to refute objections
Convincing Those who speak against the truth.
18. Temperate
Calm and collected in spirit; sober.
Additional from
19. Gentle
Fair, equitable, not insisting on his own rights.
1 Timothy 3:1–7
20. Able to manage household
A good leader in his own family.
21. Not a new convert
Not a new Christian.
22. Well thought of
Good representative of Christ.
23. Willingly, not under compulsion
Not serving against his will.
24. According to God (in some Greek texts)
By God’s appointment.
Additional from
25. Not for shameful gain
Not money-motivated.
1 Peter 5:1–4
26. Not fording it over the flock
Not dominating in his area of ministry (a shepherd is to lead not drive the flock).
27. As an example
A pleasure to follow because of his Christian example.
28. As accountable to the Chief Shepherd
Motivated by the crown to be gained—authority to reign with Christ.
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (973). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.

The Blueprint

 1. Instructions on right belief (1:1-20)

 2. Instructions for the church (2:1-3:16)

 3. Instructions for elders (4:1-6:21)

  Paul advised Timothy on such practical topics as qualifications for church leaders, public worship, confronting false teaching, and how to treat various groups of people within the church. Right belief and right behavior are critical for anyone who desires to lead or server effectively in the church. We should all believe rightly, participate in church actively, and minister to one another lovingly.   

First Timothy Overview