Graphics of 1 Kings



 David becomes
king
Solomon becomes kingTemple completedThe kingdom dividesShishak 
invades Jerusalem
Asa becomes king of JudahElijah begins
his ministry
Ahab becomes king of IsraelJohoshaphat becomes king of JudahBen-hadad attacks SamariaAhab dies in battle
 1010 B.C.
970  959 930925910875874872875853

2 Kings's Time
Kingdom divides  Ahab dies in battleElijah's ministry transfers to Elisha Jehu becomes king of Israel Joash becomes king of Judah  Elisha's ministry endsJeroboam II becomes king of Israel Amos's ministry begins  Hosea's ministry beginsMicah's ministry begins  Isaiah's ministry beginsIsrael (northern kingdom) falls  Hezekiah becomes king of Judah
 930 B.C. 853 848 841835  797 793 760 753 742 740722  715

 Josiah becomes king of JudahJeremiah's ministry begins  Book of the Law found in the TempleFirst captivity of Judah; Daniel taken Second captivity of Judah; Ezekiel taken  Judah (southern kingdom) falls
 640 627622  605 597586 


Vital statistics


 Purpose:   To contrast the live of those who live for God and those who refuse to do so through the history of the kings of Israel and Judah
 Author:Unknown. Possibly Jeremiah or a group of prophets   
 Original audience:  The people of Israel
 Setting:  The once great nation of Israel turned into a land divided, not only physically, but also spiritually 
 Key verses: "As for you, if you will follow me with integrity and godliness, as David your father did, obeying all my commands, decrees, and regulations, then I will establish the throne of your dynasty over Israel forever. For I made this promise to your father, David: 'One of your descendants will always sit on the throne of Israel'" (9:4, 5) 
 Key people:  David, Solomon, Rehoboam, Jeroboam, Elijah, Ahab, Jezebel  
 Spacial feature:  The book of 1 and 2 Kings were original one book





More Good News for Ramoth Gilead

4:13 The designation of Ramoth Gilead as the regional headquarters for one of Solomon’s twelve administrative districts (1 Kin. 4:13) was more good news to a city already blessed as a major political and economic center. See 1 Kin. 22:29 for a description of the city’s numerous advantages.
Name
Position
Responsibilities
Azariah the son of Zadok
High priest
Oversaw worship and religious rituals, representing the people to God.
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha
Scribes
Similar to secretaries of state or chancellors.
Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud
Recorder
Maintained written historical records of the king’s business and decisions.
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada (see 1 Kin. 2:29)
Military commander
Oversaw the nation’s defenses, including its storage and chariot cities; led the army in military engagements; handled royal police matters (for example, 1 Kin. 2:28–35).
Zadok and Abiathar
Priests
Oversaw religious matters and served as custodians of the Law.
Azariah the son of Nathan
General
Carried out the military orders of Solomon and Benaiah.
Zabud the son of Nathan
Personal confidant
Consulted with the king on personal matters.
Ahishar
Manager of Solomon’s household
Oversaw the palace complex and the needs of Solomon’s extensive court (1 Kin. 4:22–23; 11:3).
Adoniram the son of Abda
Manager of the labor force
Oversaw Solomon’s numerous construction projects (1 Kin. 5:13; 7:1–8; 9:15–19).
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (1 Re 4.21). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.




The Kings of Israel

Name
Length of Reign
Reference
Jeroboam I
22 years
1 Kin. 11:26–14:20
Nadab
2 years
1 Kin. 15:25–28
Baasha
24 years
1 Kin. 15:27–16:7
Elah
2 years
1 Kin. 16:6–14
Zimri
7 days
1 Kin. 16:9–20
Omri
12 years
1 Kin. 16:15–28
Ahab
21 years
1 Kin. 16:28–22:40
Ahaziah
2 years
1 Kin. 22:40–2 Kin. 1:18
Jehoram (Joram)
11 years
2 Kin. 3:1–9:25
Jehu
28 years
2 Kin. 9:1–10:36
Jehoahaz
16 years
2 Kin. 13:1–9
Jehoash (Joash)
16 years
2 Kin. 13:10–14:16
Jeroboam II
40 years
2 Kin. 14:23–29
Zechariah
6 months
2 Kin. 14:29–15:12
Shallum
1 month
2 Kin. 15:10–15
Menahem
10 years
2 Kin. 15:14–22
Pekahiah
2 years
2 Kin. 15:22–26
Pekah
20 years
2 Kin. 15:27–31
Hoshea
9 years
2 Kin. 15:30–17:6
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (1 Re 12.19). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.



The Kings of Judah

Name
Length of Reign
Reference*
Rehoboam
17 years
1 Kin. 11:42–14:31
Abijam
3 years
1 Kin. 14:31–15:8
Asa
41 years
1 Kin. 15:8–24
Jehoshaphat
25 years
1 Kin. 22:41–50
Jehoram
8 years
2 Kin. 8:16–24
Ahaziah
1 year
2 Kin. 8:24–9:29
Athaliah (queen)
6 years
2 Kin. 11:1–20
Joash
40 years
2 Kin. 11:1–12:21
Amaziah
29 years
2 Kin. 14:1–20
Azariah (Uzziah)
52 years
2 Kin. 15:1–7
Jotham
18 years
2 Kin. 15:32–38
Ahaz
19 years
2 Kin. 16:1–20
Hezekiah
29 years
2 Kin. 18:1–20:21
Manasseh
55 years
2 Kin. 21:1–18
Amon
2 years
2 Kin. 21:19–26
Josiah
31 years
2 Kin. 22:1–23:30
Jehoahaz
3 months
2 Kin. 23:31–33
Jehoiakim
11 years
2 Kin. 23:34–24:5
Jehoiachin
3 months
2 Kin. 24:6–16
Zedekiah
11 years
2 Kin. 24:17–25:30
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (1 Re 15.9). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.



Moses and Elijah Compared

Moses
Elijah
Comes to Mount Horeb where he meets with God (Ex. 3:1–6).
Comes to Mount Horeb where he meets with God (1 Kin. 19:8–11).
Sees God reveal Himself through fire (Ex. 13:21; 19:18; 24:17; Lev. 10:2; Num. 11:1; 16:35).
Sees God reveal Himself through fire (1 Kin. 18:38; 19:12; 2 Kin. 1:10, 12; 2:11).
Sees God miraculously provide food (Ex. 16).
Sees God miraculously provide food (1 Kin. 17:8–16).
Reveals God’s power through miraculous works (Ex. 7–12).
Reveals God’s power through a miraculous work (1 Kin. 18:30–39).
Emphasizes that the Lord is God (Deut. 6:4).
Emphasizes that the Lord is God (1 Kin. 18:37–39).
Is succeeded by Joshua (name means “the Lord is salvation”; Deut. 31:7–8; Josh 1:1–9).
Is succeeded by Elisha (name means “God is salvation”; 2 Kin. 2:12–14).
His death is shrouded in mystery (Deut. 34:5–6).
His departure is shrouded in mystery (2 Kin. 2:11–12).
The Jordan River parts to begin his successor’s ministry (Josh. 3:14–17).
The Jordan River parts to begin his successor’s ministry (2 Kin. 2:13–14).
Appears with Jesus at the Transfiguration (Matt. 17:3).
Appears with Jesus at the Transfiguration (Matt. 17:3).
Word in life study Bible . 1997, c1996 (electronic ed.) (1 Re 20.31). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.



Two Kingdoms

ISRAEL
JUDAH
Major Kings
Prophets
Major Kings
Prophets
931
Jeroboam I
Ahijah 1
931
Rehoboam
Shemiah 10
(Unnamed) 2
909
Baasha
Jehu 3
910
Asa
Azariah 11
886
Omri
874
Ahab
Elijah 4
Hanani 12
(Unnamed) 5
872
Jehoshaphat
Jehu 13
Micaiah 6
Elisha 7
Jahaziel 14
Obadiah
Eliezer 15
841
Jehu
Elijah 16
835
Joash
Zechariah 17
Joel
793
Jeroboam II
Jonah 8
797
Amaziah
Amos
791
Uzziah
Hosea
Isaiah
750
Jotham
Micah
722
Obed 9
728
Hezekiah
Assyrian
Captivity
Nahum
1.
1 Kings 11:14
2.
I Kings 13
3.
1 Kings 16
640
Josiah
Habakkuk
4.
1 Kings 17–
2 Kings 2
Zephaniah
5.
I Kings 20
Jeremiah
6.
1 Kings 22
586
Ezekiel
7.
1 Kinas 19–
2 Kings 13
8.
also 2 Kings 14
Babylonian
9.
2 Chron. 28
Captivity
10.
2 Chron. 11–12
11.
2 Chron. 15
12.
2 Chron. 16
13.
2 Chron. 19
14.
2 Chron. 20
15.
2 Chron. 20
16.
2 Chron. 21
17.
2 Chron. 24
Richards, L., & Richards, L. O. (1987). The teacher's commentary. Includes index. (256). Wheaton, Ill.: Victor Books.



Rulers of Syria

Kings
Dates
Scripture References
Hezion (Rezon)
c. 990–930 B.C.
1 Kings 11:23, 25; 15:18
Tabrimmon
c. 930–885 B.C.
1 Kings 15:18
Ben-Hadad I
c. 885–860 B.C.
1 Kings 15:18, 20
Ben-Hadad II
c. 860–841B.C.
1 Kings 20; 2 Kings 6:24; 8:7, 9, 14
Hazael
c. 841–801 B.C.
1 Kings 19:15, 17; 2 Kings 8; 9:14, 15; 10:32 12:17, 18; 13:3, 22, 24, 25
Ben-Hadad III
c. 807–780? B.C.
2 Kings 13:3, 24, 25
Rezin
c. 780?-732 B.C.
2 Kings 15:37; 16:5, 6, 9 (cf. Is. 7:1, 4,8; 8:6; 9:11)
New Geneva study Bible. 1997, c1995 (electronic ed.) (1 Re 19.21). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.




Israel's Division and Captivity

1 Kingdom2 KingdomCaptivityReturn











1043 B.C.

Saul, David Solomon

United Kingdom

112 Years

Northern Kingdom of Israel

10 Tribes

Capital: Samaria

722 B.C.  Taken captive by Assyria when Hoshea was king of Israel    536 B.C. Started rebuilding the Temple
Kings: Jeroboam, followed by eighteen bad kings   Zerubbabel, Ezra, Nehemiah 
209 years     
931 B.C. Kingdom Divided   538 B.C. Decree of Cyrus 
605 B.C.----70-year Captivity ----536 B.C.
Southern Kingdom of Judah

2 Tribes

Capital: Jerusalem

When Jehoiakim was king of JudahWhen Jehoiachim was king of JudahWhen Zedekiah was king of Judah  
 Kings: Rehoboam, followed by eleven bad and eight goo kings605 B.C. Daniel and friendsEzekiel and ten thousandJudah taken captive by Babylon  
345 years605597586  

 

Three sieges of Jerusalem By Babylonians 

 




Chronology of Foreign Kings


 ASSYRIA  Tiglath-Pileser III
 Shalmaneser V  
 Sargon II
 Sennacherib
 Esarhaddon 
 Ashurbanipal
 745-727 *
 727-722
 721-705
 705-681
 681-669
 669-627
 BABYLONIA                                
                                                                       
 Nebuchadnezzar II
 Nabonidus 
 Belshazzar 
 605-562
 556-539
 553(?)-539  Coregency with Nabonidus
 PERSIA                                          
                                                                    
                                                         
 Cyrus the Great   
 Cambyses 
 Darius I the Great
  Xerxes (Ahasuerus)
 Artaxerxes I
 Darius II
 559-530
 530-522
 522-486
 486-465
 465-424
 423-404
* All dates are B.C. and are those of the kings' reigns.
(NVI. SB. p 624)



The Blueprint


   A. THE UNITED KINGDOM (1:1-11:43)
  1. Solomon become king 
  2. Solomon's wisdom
  3. Solomon builds the Temple
  4. Solomon's greatness and downfall
   Solomon was a botanist, zoologist, architect, poet, and philosopher. He was the wisest king in the history of Israel, but his wives led to the introduction of false gods and false worship in Israel. It is good for us to have wisdom, but that is not enough. The highest goal in life is to obey the Lord. Patient obedience to God should characterize our lives. 
   B. THE DIVIDED KINGDOM (12:1-22:53) 
  1. Revolt of the northern tribes
  2. Kings of Israel and Judah
  3. Elijah,s ministry
  4. Kings of Israel and Judah 
   When the northern kingdom of Israel was being led by wicked kings. God raised up a prophet to proclaim his messages. Elijah single-handedly challenged the priesthood of the state religion and had them removed in one day. Through the dividing of the kingdom and the sending of Elijah. God dealt with the people's sin powerful ways. Sin in our lives is graciously forgiven by God. However, the sin of an unrepentant person will be handled harshly. We must turn from sin and turn to God to be saved from judgment.