Lamentation Application


        1) What would happen if we considered our future-if we weighed the consequences of our actions-before we acted?

        2) God's judgment can take many forms. The sovereign God rules. None can stay His hand or say to Him, "What have You done? for He does according to His will in the army of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth (Daniel 4:34-35). Do you think you can sin and go unchastened by God? Judgment must begin at the house of God. Look at 1 Corinthians 11:31-32.

        3) Why do you think God deals with sin as He does? How should you respond? Read Read chapter 3 on you knees so your "dancing" need not be turned into "mourning."

Lamentation Themes of Application




Destruction of


Lamentations is a sad funeral song for the great capital city of the Jews. The Temple has been destroyed the king is gone, and the people are in exile. God had warned that he would destroy them if they abandoned him. Now, afterward, the people realize their condition and confess their sin.  

God’s warnings are justified. He does what he says he will do. His punishment for sin is certain. Only by confessing and renouncing our sin can we turn to him for deliverance. How much better to do so before his warnings are fulfilled.

God’s Mercy

God’s compassion was at work even when the Israelites were experiencing the affliction of their Babylonian conquerors. Although the people had been unfaithful, God’s faithfulness was great. He used this affliction to bring his people back to him.  

God will always be faithful to his people. HIs merciful, refining work is evident even in affliction. At those times, we must pray for forgiveness and then turn to him for deliverance.

Sin’s Consequences

God was angry at the prolonged rebellion by his people. Sin was the cause of their misery, and destruction was the result of their sin. THe destruction of the nation shows the vanity of human glory and pride.

To continue in rebellion against God is to invite disaster. We must never trust our own leadership, resources, intelligence, or power more than God. If we do, we will experience consequences similar to Jerusalem’s.


God’s mercy in sparing some of the people offers hope for better days. One day, the people will be restored to a true and fervent relationship with God.

Only God can deliver us from sin. Without him there is no comfort or hope for the future. Because of Christ’s death for us and his promise to return, we have a bright hope for tomorrow.