3 John

Reading 0,03 - 1 Chapter - 14 verses - 299 words


   

Vital Statistics 


 Purpose:  To  commend Gaius for his hospitality and to encourage him in his Christian life  
 Author:  The apostle John
 Original audience:  Gaius, a prominent Christian in one of the churches know to John 
 Date written:  Approximately A.D. 90 from Ephesus 
 Setting:  Church leaders traveled from town to town helping to establish new congregations. They depended on the hospitality of fellow believers. Gaius was one who, welcome these leaders into his home   
 Key verse: Dear friend, you are faithful in what you are doing for the brothers and sisters, even though they are strangers to you. (1:5)
 Key people:  John, Gaius, Diotrephes, Demetrius 



Author

    The author is John the apostle. In the first verses of both 2 John and 3 John the author identifies himself as "the elder". Note other similarities: "love in the truth" (v.  1 of both letters),  "walking in the truth" (v. 4 of both letters) and the similar conclusions. 



Date

    The letter was probably written about the same time as 1 and 2 John (A.D. 85-95). See the introduction to 1 John: Date



Occasion and purpose

    See introduction to 2 John: Occasion and Purpose. Itinerant teachers sent out by John were rejected in one of the churches in the province of Asia by a dictatorial leader, Diotrephes, who even excommunicated members who showed hospitality to John's messengers. John wrote this letter to commend Gaius for supporting the teachers and indirectly, to warn Diotrephes.   



How to read 3 John

    Hospitality is important to God. He is the most hospitable being in the universe! His arms are always open wide to welcome all who want to join his family. He invites us to join him in this kingdom ministry. John’s words help us to see hospitality as a powerful, practical expression of the love of God. John’s words will also lead you to value the many diverse gifts at work within the church and encourage you to seek unity within the body of Christ.


    This letter is an important companion piece to 2 John. In the earlier letter the apostle warned believers against supporting false teachers. In this one, he encourages believers to warmly welcome and strongly support those who do bring the truth of God to us. Taken together, these two letters focus us on the incredible value of the truth of the gospel and the need for both love and discernment. It will challenge you to consider how you can express God’s hospitality to others more fully.

 


Outline



   I. Greetings (1-2)
  II. Commendation of Gaius (3-8)
 III. Condemnation of Diotrephes (9-10)
 IV. Exhortation to Gaius (11)
  V. Example of Demetrius (12)
 VI. Conclusion, Benediction and Final Greetings (13-14) 




3 John Horizontal



1:1 - To the beloved Gaius


1:2 - Walking in the truth

Support

1:5 - Support such people

Missionaries

1:9 - Diotrephes, refuses to welcome


1:11 - Imitate what is good


1:13 - Hope to see you

Imitate good

1:15 - Peace to you





Notes