3 John

1 Chapter, 14 verses, 299 words.


   

Vital Statistics 


 Purpose:  To  commend Gaius for his hospitality and to encourage him in his Christian life  
 Author:  The apostle John
 Original audience:  Gaius, a prominent Christian in one of the churches know to John 
 Date written:  Approximately A.D. 90 from Ephesus 
 Setting:  Church leaders traveled from town to town helping to establish new congregations. They depended on the hospitality of fellow believers. Gaius was one who, welcome these leaders into his home   
 Key verse: Dear friend, you are faithful in what you are doing for the brothers and sisters, even though they are strangers to you. (1:5)
 Key people:  John, Gaius, Diotrephes, Demetrius 



Author

    The author is John the apostle. In the first verses of both 2 John and 3 John the author identifies himself as "the elder". Note other similarities: "love in the truth" (v.  1 of both letters),  "walking in the truth" (v. 4 of both letters) and the similar conclusions. 



Date

    The letter was probably written about the same time as 1 and 2 John (A.D. 85-95). See the introduction to 1 John: Date



Occasion and purpose

    See introduction to 2 John: Occasion and Purpose. Itinerant teachers sent out by John were rejected in one of the churches in the province of Asia by a dictatorial leader, Diotrephes, who even excommunicated members who showed hospitality to John's messengers. John wrote this letter to commend Gaius for supporting the teachers and indirectly, to warn Diotrephes.   

 


Outline



   I. Greetings (1-2)
  II. Commendation of Gaius (3-8)
 III. Condemnation of Diotrephes (9-10)
 IV. Exhortation to Gaius (11)
  V. Example of Demetrius (12)
 VI. Conclusion, Benediction and Final Greetings (13-14) 



Notes