2 Timothy

4 Chapters, 83 verses, 1,703 words.


Author, Date and Setting

    After Paul's release from prison in Rome in A.D. 62 (Ac 28) and after his fourth missionary journey, during which he wrote 1 Timothy and Titus, Paul was again imprisoned under Emperor Nero c. 66-67. It was during this time that he wrote 2 Timothy. In contrast to his first imprisonment, when he lived in a "rented house" (Ac 28:30), he how languished in a cold dungeon, chained like a common criminal (1:16; 2:9). His friends even had a hard time finding out where he was being kept (1:17). Paul knew that his work was done and that his life was nearly at an end (4:6-8). 

Reasons for Writing

    Paul had three reasons for writing to Timothy at this time:
    1. Paul was lonely. Phygelus and Hermogenes, "everyone in the province of Asia" (1:15), and Demas (4:10) had deserted him. Crescens, Titus and Tychicus were away (4:10-12), and only Luke was with him (4:11). Paul wanted very much for Timothy to join also. Timothy was his "fellow worker" (Ro 16:21), who "as a son with his father" (Php 2:22) had served closely with Paul (1Co 4:17). Of him Paul could say, "I have no one else like him" (Php 2:20). Paul longed for Timothy (1:4) and twice asked him to come soon (4:9,21). For more information on Timothy see introduction to 1 Timothy: Recipient.    
    2. Paul was concerned about the welfare of the churches during this time of persecution under Nero, and he admonishes Timothy to guard the gospel (1:14), to persevere in ti (3:14), to keep on preaching it (4:2) and, if necessary, to suffer for it (1:8; 2:3).
    3. Paul wanted to write to the Ephesian church through his letter to Timothy (4:22).


I. Introduction (1:1-4)

II. Paul’s Concern for Timothy (1:5-14)

III. Paul’s Situation (1:15-18)

IV. Special Instructions to Timothy (ch.2)

A. Call for Endurance (2:1-13)

B. Warning about Foolish Controversies (2:14-26)

V. Warning about the Last Days (ch.3)

A. Terrible Times (3:1-9)

B. Means of Combating (3:10-17)

VI. Paul’s Departing Remarks (4:1-8)

A. Charge to Preach the Word (4:1-5)

B. Paul’s Victorious Prospect (4:6-8)

VII. Final Request, Greetings and Benediction 4:9-22)