2 Chronicles

דברי הימים ב

36 Chapters, 822 verses, 26,074 words.


Vital Statistics

 Purpose: To unify the nation around true worship of God showing his standard for judging kings. The righteous kings of Judah and the religious revivals under their rule are highlighted, and the sins of the evil kinds are exposed  
 Author: Ezra, according to Jewish tradition
 Original audience: The exile who returned from captivity 
 Date written:  Approximately 430 B.C., recording events from the beginning of Solomon's reign (970- B.C.) to the beginning of the Babylonian captivity (586 B.C.)  
Setting: Second Chronicles parallels 1 and 2 Kings and serves as their commentary. Originally 1 and 2 Chronicles were one book. It was written after the Exile from a priestly perspective, highlighting the importance of the Temple and the religions revivals in Judah. The northern kingdom, Israel is virtually ignored in this history  
 Key verse:"if my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven, and I will forgive their sin and will heal their land. (7:14)
 Key people: Solomon, the queen of Sheba,  Rehoboam, Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoram, Joash, Uzziah, Ahaz, Hezekiah, Manasseh, Josiah
 Key places:  Jerusalem, the Temple
 Special features:  Includes a detailed record of the Temple's construction 




The Building of the Temple in Chronicles

    The Chronicler has used the Pentateuchal history as a model for his account of the reigns of David and Solomon. Similarly, the Pentateuchal record of the building of the tabernacle affects his account of the building of the temple:

    1. The building of the tabernacle was entrusted to Bezalel and Oholiab (Ex 35:30-36:7)), and they provide the Chronicler's model for the relationship of Solomon and Huram-Abi (2Ch 2:13). It is significant that the only references to Bezalel outside the book of Exodus are in Chronicles (1Ch 2:20; 2Ch 1:5).

    Solomon is the new Bezalel: (1) Both Solomon and Bezalel are designated by name for their tasks by God; they are the only workers on their projects to be chosen by name (Ex 31:2; 35:30-36:2; 38:22-23; 1Ch 28:6). (2) Both are from the tribe of Judah (Ex 31:2; 35:30; 1Ch 2:20; 3:10). (3) Both receive the Spirit to endow them with wisdom (Ex. 31:3; 35:30-31; 2Ch 1:1-13), and Solomon's vision at Gibeon (2Ch 1:3-13) dominates the preface to the account of the temple construction (2Ch 2-7). (4) Both build a bronze altar for the sanctuary (2Ch 1:5; 4:1; 7:7) - significantly, the bronze altar is not mentioned in the summary list of Huram-Abi's work (4:12-16). (5) Both make the sanctuary furnishings (Ex 31:1-10; 37:10-29; 2Ch 4:19-22).  

    Similarly, Huram-Abi becomes the new Oholiab: (1) In the account of the temple building in Kings, Huram-Abi is not mentioned until after the story of the main construction of temple and palace has been told (1Ki 7:13-45); in Chronicles he is introduced as being involved in the building work from the beginning, just as Oholiab worked on the tabernacle from the beginning (Ex 31:6; 2Ch 2:13). (2) Kings speaks only of Huram-Abi's skill in casting bronze (1Ki 7:14); in Chronicles, however, his list of skills is the same as Oholiab's (Ex 31:1-6; 35:30-35:2; 38:22-23; 2Ch 2:14). (3) Kings reports that the mother of Huram-Abi was a widow from the tribe of Naphtali (1Ki 7:14); Chronicles, estates that she was a widow from the tribe of Dan (2Ch 2:14), thus giving Huram-Abi the same ancestry as Oholiab (Ex 31:6; 35:34; 38:23). 

    2. The plans for both tabernacle and temple are given by God (Ex 25:1-30:37; see Ex25:9,40; 27:8; see also 1Ch 28:11-19 - not mentioned in Samuel and Kings).   

    3. The spoils of war are used as building materials for both tabernacle and temple (Ex3:21-22; 12:35-36; see 1Ch 18:6-11 - not mentioned in Samuel and Kings).  

    4. The people contribute willingly and generously for both structures (Ex 25:1-7; 36:3-7; see 1Ch 29:1-9 - not mentioned in Samuel and Kings.)

    5. The glory cloud appears at the dedication of both structures (Ex 40:34-35; 2Ch 7:1-3).